November 7, 2017

Here’s your daily Digest. Highlights include an attempt to establish the causal link between gut microbiota and colorectal cancer in mice, an electric bandage to fight biofilm and antimicrobial resistance, and a group B Streptococcus vaccine that could save tens of thousands of babies per year.

General microbiology

Oral epithelial cells orchestrate innate type 17 responses to Candida albicans through the virulence factor candidalysin – Akash H. Verma et al. – Science Immunology

Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Sequence Type (ST) 5 Isolates from Health Care and Agricultural Sources Adhere Equivalently to Human Keratinocytes – Samantha J. Hau et al. – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Human microbiome signatures of differential colorectal cancer drug metabolism – Leah Guthrie et al. – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Whole grain-rich diet reduces body weight and systemic low-grade inflammation without inducing major changes of the gut microbiome: a randomised cross-over trial – Henrik Munch Roager et al. – Gut

Multi-site human microbiome

Review: Human microbiome, infections, and rheumatic disease – Ana Clara Camine et al. – Clinical Rheumatology

Review: The Microbiome and Bone and Joint Disease – Christopher J. Hernandez – Current Rheumatology Reports

Animal experiments

Gavage of fecal samples from patients with colorectal cancer promotes intestinal carcinogenesis in germ-free and conventional mice – Sunny H. Wong and Liuyang Zhao – Gastroenterology

Animal microbiome

An integrative study on biologically recovered polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) and simultaneous assessment of gut microbiome in yellow mealworm – Su Yean Ong et al. – Journal of Biotechnology

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Shifts in microbial communities in soil, rhizosphere and roots of two major crop systems under elevated CO2 and O3 – Peng Wang et al. – Scientific Reports

Year-round shotgun metagenomes reveal stable microbial communities in agricultural soils and novel ammonia oxidizers responding to fertilization – Luis H. Orellana et al. – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

High altitude, hyper-arid soils of the Central-Andes harbor mega-diverse communities of actinobacteria – Alan T. Bull et al. – Extremophiles

Sediment nitrogen cycling rates and microbial abundance along a submerged vegetation gradient in a eutrophic lake – Lu Yao et al. – Science of The Total Environment


Electric Field Based Dressing Disrupts Mixed-Species Bacterial Biofilm Infection and Restores Functional Wound Healing – Barki, Kasturi Ganesh et al. – Annals of Surgery

Press: Study shows electric bandages can fight biofilm infection, antimicrobial resistance – MedicalXpress


Preprint: A novel multi SNP based method for the identification of subspecies and associated lineages and sub-lineages of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex by whole genome sequencing – Samuel I. W. Lipworth et al. – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Your Eyes Have Their Own Microbiome. Here’s What You Need To Do To Take Care Of It – Sam Berne – MBG Health

Does a Healthy Gut Equal a Long, Healthy Life? – Jim Pietrangelo – Healthline

Unlocking the Secrets of the Microbiome – Jane E. Brody – New York Times

Specific gut bacteria can help or hinder cancer treatments – Rich Haridy – New Atlas

Proprietary Prebiotic Fiber Tested in National Institutes of Health Pilot Study with End-Stage Renal Disease Patients – Kimberly J. Decker – Nutritional Outlook

Briny pool bacteria can clean up and power up – King Abdullah University of Science & Technology – EurekAlert

2 million Chinese mothers carry strep bacteria that can be fatal to newborns, study finds – Laurie Chen – South China Morning Post

* Vaccine for bacteria carried by 20% of pregnant women ‘could prevent 100,000 baby deaths’ – Sarah Boseley – The Irish Times

Research finds link between gut fungi, bacteria and obesity – Camille Bienvenu –

Microbes on the market

Microbiome Therapeutics prepares to launch ‘microbiome modulator’ – Stephen Daniells – NutraIngredients


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