August 26, 2016

MRI scans of colonic contents in setting of diet or defaecation, fecal transplants, the microbiome of ambulances, and a core taxa tool.

Pregnancy and birth

Longitudinal study on clinical and microbial analysis of periodontal status in pregnancy – Fernanda Campos Machado – Brazilian Oral Research

Review: Role of microbiota function during early life and children neurodevelopment – Tomás Cerdó – Trends in Food Science & Technology

Human oral microbiome (also see above)

Evaluation of oral microbiota in undernourished and eutrophic children using checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization – M. Testa – Anaerobe

Review: Human neutrophils and oral microbiota: a constant tug-of-war between a harmonious and a discordant coexistence – Silvia M. Uriarte – Immunological Reviews

Human skin microbiome

Temporal stability in chronic wound microbiota is associated with poor healing – Michael Loesche – Journal of Investigative Dermatology

Human gut microbiome

Colonic content: effect of diet, meals, and defecation – R. A. Bendezú – Neurogastroenterology & Motility

Gut microbiota associated with HIV infection is significantly enriched in bacteria tolerant to oxygen – Grégory Dubourg – BMJ Open Gastroenterology

Prevalence and genetic diversity of Blastocystis in family units living in the United States – Pauline D. Scanlan – Infection, Genetics and Evolution

Nitrogen fixation and nifH diversity in human gut microbiota – Katsura Igai – Scientific Reports

Letter: Intestinal Microbiota and Health of Adults Who Were Born by Cesarean Delivery – James J. Goedert – JAMA Pediatrics

Opinion: The microbiome, microbial generated pro-inflammatory neurotoxins, and Alzheimer’s disease – Walter J. Lukiw – Journal of Sport and Health Science

Review: Estrogen and Microbiota Crosstalk: Should We Pay Attention? – Karen L. Chen – Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism

Review: Gender, aging and longevity in humans: an update of an intriguing/neglected scenario paving the way to a gender-specific medicine – Rita Ostan – Clinical Science

Fecal transplants

Estimating the risks of faecal transplants – K. Patel – The Journal of Hospital Infection

Effect of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation on Recurrence in Multiply Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection: A Randomized Trial – Colleen R. Kelly – Annals of Internal Medicine

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi communities from tropical Africa reveal strong ecological structure – Susana Rodríguez-Echeverría – New Phytologist

Gall-ID: tools for genotyping gall-causing phytopathogenic bacteria – Edward W. Davis II – PeerJ

Water microbiome

Structure and function of methanogenic microbial communities in sediments of Amazonian lakes with different water types – Yang Ji – Environmental Microbiology

Built environment microbiome

Detection and characterization of surface microbial contamination in emergency ambulances – Aketza Varona-Barquin – American Journal of Infection Control

Fitness and recovery of bacterial communities and antibiotic resistance genes in urban wastewaters exposed to classical disinfection treatments – Andrea Di Cesare – Environmental Science & Technology

Bioinformatics and metagenomics

PhyloCore: A phylogenetic approach to identifying core taxa in microbial communities – Tiantian Ren – Gene

Microbes in the news

Gut reaction: the surprising power of microbes – Ed Yong – The Guardian

Want to feel better? Be kind to your bugs. Ed Yong’s new book will give you a positive outlook on your body’s trillions of bacteria – Kate Womersley – The Spectator

The world’s largest bacterial study of baby poo – MedicalXpress

What’s in Your Poo? The nonmicrobial components of feces may have important consequences as we try to grapple with microbiome research – Kevin Bonham – Scientific American

Solving a 48-year-old mystery: scientists succeed at growing noroviruses in human intestinal cell cultures in the lab – Graciela Gutierrez – Baylor College of Medicine

MSU researchers spread the buzz about bee viruses – Marshall Swearingen – Montana State University

Science, publishing, and career

Family ties ‘help scientists to get ahead’ in some countries. Levels of nepotism in scientific publishing have been revealed by report – Jack Grove  – Times Higher Education

Supervisors can do a lot more to support PhD students. Many doctoral candidates feel poorly looked after. More awareness and empathy from academics can help fight that – Geoffrey Cantor – Times Higher Education

New leader of NIH’s research watchdog faces staff revolt – Jocelyn Kaiser – Science

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