July 14, 2016

Gut microbes and diabetes risk, llama sausages, urban greenness, and the sea turtle microbiome.

Pregnancy and birth

The Infant Gut Bacterial Microbiota and Risk of Pediatric Asthma and Allergic Diseases – Christine Cole Johnson – Translational Research

Human gut microbiome

Human gut microbes impact host serum metabolome and insulin sensitivity – Helle Krogh Pedersen – Nature

Press: Gut bacteria imbalance increases diabetes risk – EurekAlert
Gut bacteria imbalance increases diabetes risk – BioMed Central blog

Effects of Gut Microbiota Manipulation by Antibiotics on Host Metabolism in Obese Humans: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial – Dorien Reijnders – Cell Metabolism

The Gut Microbiota from Lean and Obese Subjects Contribute Differently to the Fermentation of Arabinogalactan and Inulin – Marisol Aguirre – PLOS ONE

Review: The esophageal microbiota in health and disease – Vincenzo Di Pilato – Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Review: Colon microbiota fermentation of dietary prebiotics towards short-chain fatty acids and their roles as anti-inflammatory and antitumour agents: A review – Javier Fernández – Journal of Functional Foods

Animal and other experiments

Microbial Mat Functional and Compositional Sensitivity to Environmental Disturbance
Eva Christine Preisner – bioRxiv

Gut microbiota directs PPARγ-driven reprogramming of the liver circadian clock by nutritional challenge – Mari Murakami – EMBO Reports

Preview: Microbially Produced Acetate: A “Missing Link” in Understanding Obesity? – Chad M. Trent – Cell Metabolism

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid chronic risk assessment for soil biota – Georg von Mérey – Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Zonal Soil Type Determines Soil Microbial Responses to Maize Cropping and Fertilization – Mengxin Zhao – mSystems

Built environment microbiome

Urban greenness influences airborne bacterial community composition – Gwynne Mhuireach – Science of The Total Environment

Research Watch: Dirty environment for adult life: the bad, the good, the unknown – Jun Sun – Genes & Diseases

Food microbiology

Microbial ecology involved in the ripening of naturally fermented llama meat sausages. A focus on lactobacilli diversity – Fontana Cecilia – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Metabolomics

Free eBook: Metabolomics – A Key Technology for Microbiome Research – Kirk Beebe – Metabolon

Techniques

Evaluation of VITEK matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization–time of flight mass spectrometry for identification of anaerobes – Zheng Xiao – Microbiology and Immunology

Fungal identification biases in microbiome projects – Leho Tedersoo – Environmental Microbiology Reports

Rapid and Selective Detection of Pathogenic Bacteria in Bloodstream Infection with Aptamer-based Recognition – Haijing Shen – Applied Materials and Interfaces

Microbes in the news

Project to study sea turtle microbiomes in captivity and in the wild – Holly Ganz – MicroBEnet

Gonorrhea may soon become resistant to all antibiotics and untreatable – Helen Branswell – STAT news

Bacteriophage Therapy Grows as Alternative to Antibiotics – Michael McGrady – Heartland

Getting to the guts: Studying the gut microbiome to manage pain – Shay Stowell – Missouri State University

Career

Men cite themselves more than women do. The apparent trend has been on the rise over the past two decades – Dalmeet Singh Chawla – Nature

Bik’s non-microbiology Picks

A Gathering of Giants. A photographer slips into the ocean to swim among hundreds of sperm whales – witnessing a rarely seen social spectacle – Tony Wu – Biographic

The people who don’t get ‘Eleanor Rigby’. Happy music and sad sounds are not universal. – Nature

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