June 24, 2016

Placenta samples not distinguishable from controls, gut microbiome in ME/CFS and PKU patients, childhood undernutrition, corals’ microbial sentinels, and plant root traps.

Pregnancy and birth

I was hoping for this study to be done: Comparison of placenta samples with contamination controls does not provide evidence for a distinct placenta microbiota – Abigail P. Lauder – Microbiome

Systematic review: Treatment of bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy in order to reduce the risk of spontaneous preterm delivery – a clinical recommendation – Thor Haahr – Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica

Human ear microbiome

The microbiome of otitis media with effusion – Chun Ling Chan – The Laryngoscope

Human gut microbiome

Reduced diversity and altered composition of the gut microbiome in individuals with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome – Ludovic Giloteaux – Microbiome

Phenylketonuria and Gut Microbiota: A Controlled Study Based on Next-Generation Sequencing – Felipe Pinheiro de Oliveira – PLOS ONE

Review: Childhood undernutrition, the gut microbiota, and microbiota-directed therapeutics – Laura V. Blanton – Science

Editorial: Gut microbiota and undernutrition – Caroline Ash – Science

Infection and microbiology

Role of Clinicogenomics in Infectious Disease Diagnostics and Public Health Microbiology – Lars F. Westblade – Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Novel Taxa Associated with Human Fungal Black-Grain Mycetomas: Emarellia grisea gen. nov., sp. nov., and Emarellia paragrisea sp. nov. – Andrew M. Borman – Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Sociomicrobiology and Pathogenic Bacteria – Joao B. Xavier – Microbiology Spectrum

Paleomicrobiology Data: Authentification and Interpretation – Michel Drancourt – Microbiology Spectrum

Animal experiments

Dietary fucoidan modulates the gut microbiota in mice by increasing the abundance of Lactobacillus and Ruminococcaceae – Qingsen Shang – Food & Function

Animal microbiome

Perspective: Corals’ microbial sentinels – Tracy D. Ainsworth – Science

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Escaping Underground Nets: Extracellular DNases Degrade Plant Extracellular Traps and Contribute to Virulence of the Plant Pathogenic Bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum – Tuan Minh Tran – PLOS Pathogens

Press: An ‘arms race’ raging beneath our plants: A crop’s DNA-laden root trap manages to hold on to only a quarter of its bacterial prisoners. – Amy Middleton – Cosmos Magazine

Responsiveness of soil nitrogen fractions and bacterial communities to afforestation in the Loess Hilly Region (LHR) of China – Chengjie Ren – Scientific Reports

Spatial Shifts in Soil Microbial Activity and Degradation of Pasture Cover Caused by Prolonged Exposure to Cement Dust – Fuensanta Caravaca – Land Degradation & Development

Water and extremophile microbiome

Biogeochemical and 16S rRNA gene sequence evidence supports a novel mode of anaerobic methanotrophy in permanently ice-covered Lake Fryxell, Antarctica – Matthew A. Saxton – Limnology and Oceanography

Food microbiology

The Microbiome and Metabolites in Fermented Pu-erh Tea as Revealed by High-Throughput Sequencing and Quantitative Multiplex Metabolite Analysis – Yongjie Zhang – PLOS ONE

More microbiology

Sugar Synthesis from CO2 in Escherichia coli – Niv Antonovsky – Cell

Press: Eating air, making fuel. Scientists engineer bacteria to create sugar from the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide – Science Daily

Not a scientific paper, just a list of links: Web Alert: Synthetic microbial communities: An annotated selection of World Wide Web sites relevant to the topics in environmental microbiology – Lawrence P. Wackett – Environmental Microbiology

Techniques

High stability of faecal microbiome composition in guanidine thiocyanate solution at room temperature and robustness during colonoscopy – Yuichiro Nishimoto – Gut

Microbes in the news

New life form discovered in saliva is linked to human disease – Andy Coghlan – New Scientist

Seagulls Are Carrying a Dangerous Superbug Through the Skies – Maryn McKenna – National Geographic
Beware of Seagulls Carrying This Dangerous Superbug – Laura Lorenzetti – Fortune

Microbes In The Body Affect Success Of Organ Transplants: Study – Katrina Pascual -Tech Times

Scientists just found a compound that kills 98% of a drug-resistant bacteria – Fiona MacDonald – Science Alert

Milken Institute School of Public Health researchers awarded $7 million to study microbiome – Sera Royal – The GW Hatchet

Mycobacterium in olive oil for cancer treatment – EurekAlert

Scientists discover unsuspected bacterial link to bile duct cancer – MedicalXpress

Bik’s completely-not-microbiology Picks

The social dilemma of autonomous vehicles – Jean-François Bonnefon – Science

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One thought on “June 24, 2016

  1. Have been catching up, and saw the paper about the placenta microbiota, or is there anyways? Learned something new today, thanks for your Digest, as always. 🙂 Of course the debate about autonomous cars is much more complicated that it seems!

    Liked by 1 person

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