July 24, 2015

A review about small molecules produced by human microbiota, layers of microbial life in Dead Sea sediments, fungus making “hair ice”, exploring deep microbial life in the sea, and bacterial diversity at the North Pole.

Events

3rd Microbiome R&D and Business Collaboration Forum: USA, San Diego, September 10-11, 2015

WAO Symposium on Food Allergy & the Microbiome – 5-6 December 2015, Miami, FL

Microbiome reviews

Small molecules from the human microbiota – Mohamed S. Donia, Michael A. Fischbach – Science

Editorial: Microbiota-induced T cells block allergic inflammation – Yvonne Bordon – Nature Reviews Immunology

Perspective: Promise and pragmatism in clinical microbiome research – Nadim J. Ajami – Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

Review: The Role of Intestinal Microbiota in Graft versus Host Disease – no authors listed – Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

Editorial: Protective role of gut microbial SCFAs – Ellen F. Carney – Nature Reviews Nephrology

Human oral microbiome

In vitro work: Low-dose irradiation affects the functional behavior of oral microbiota in the context of mucositis – Barbara WA Vanhoecke – Experimental Biology and Medicine

Human gut microbiome

Agave Inulin Supplementation Affects the Fecal Microbiota of Healthy Adults Participating in a Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Trial – Hannah D Holscher – Journal of Nutrition

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Impact of paleoclimate on the distribution of microbial communities in the subsurface sediment of the Dead Sea – C. Thomas – Geobiology

Evidence for biological shaping of hair ice – D. Hofmann – Biogeosciences

Water and extremophile microbiome

Exploring deep microbial life in coal-bearing sediment down to ~2.5 km below the ocean floor – F. Inagaki – Science

Morphological and phylogenetic diversity of thermophilic cyanobacteria in Algerian hot springs – Samia Amarouche-Yala – Extremophiles

Bacterial diversity in snow on North Pole ice floes – Aviaja L. Hauptmann – Extremophiles

Identifying the sources of nitrate contamination of groundwater in an agricultural area (Haean basin, Korea) using isotope and microbial community analyses – Heejung Kim – Science of the Total Environment

Selection Maintains Low Genomic GC Content in Marine SAR11 Lineages – Haiwei Luo – Molecular Biology and Evolution

Built environment microbiome

Microbiological characterization of 3193 French dwellings of Elfe cohort children – S. Rocchi – Science of The Total Environment

Metagenomics and bioinformatics

For plant/animal assemblages, but might be of interest: cati: an R package using functional traits to detect and quantify multi-level community assembly processes – Adrien Taudiere – Ecography

Metabolomics and proteomics

Metaproteomics and metabolomics analyses of chronically petroleum-polluted sites reveal the importance of general anaerobic processes uncoupled with degradation – Rafael Bargiela – Proteomics

Microbes in the news

‘It’s like going to Pluto and seeing McDonald’s: ‘These microbes live more than 2 kilometers below the sea floor off the coast of Japan – Mitch Leslie – Science

It takes a village… to ward off dangerous infections? New microbiome research suggests so – MedicalXpress

Pathogenic microbiome bacteria change shape to adapt to nasopharyngeal environment – American Microbiome Institute

Rotting Fungus Creates Beautiful, Glistening ‘Hair Ice’ – Elizabeth Goldbaum – LiveScience

Not endorsing this one, full of errors and false claims: Discovery of Microbiome “Third Brain” Confirmed by Scientific Research in Japan – BusinessWire

Science, publishing, and career

New life for old bones: inventing ways to apply the DNA sequencing revolution to tissues ravaged by time. – Elizabeth Culotta – Science

Songwriting and science: Pitching songs, however, has taught me a few practical lessons about pitching papers and grant proposals: – C. Neal Stewart Jr. – Science

Bik’s Picks

Comparisons of life-history parameters between free-ranging and captive killer whale (Orcinus orca) populations for application toward species management – Todd R. Robeck – Journal of Mammalogy

Kiwi genome provides insights into evolution of a nocturnal lifestyle – Diana Le Duc – Genome Biology

A medical-toxicological view of tattooing – Peter Laux – The Lancet

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