July 29, 2019

Good Morning! Highlights of today’s digest include a revisited study that showed a significant alterations in the gut microbiome by the consumption of low/no-calorie sweeteners (LNCS), such as Splenda, and raising safety concerns, another work tells us development of Burkholderia-free host plant model to show how Burkholderia helps plant development, and finally a study finds a mechanistic link between the gut microbiome and early childhood asthma as shown with highthened expression of bacterial genes that make 12,13-diHOME which alters immune response.

Human gut microbiome

***Revisited: Assessing the in vivo data on low/no-calorie sweeteners and the gut microbiota – Susan S. Schiffman et al. – Food and Chemical Toxicology

A structured weight loss program increases gut microbiota phylogenetic diversity and reduces levels of Collinsella in obese type 2 diabetics: A pilot study – Fabian Frost et al. – PLOS ONE

Human respiratory microbiome

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease upper airway microbiome is associated with select clinical characteristics – Alexa A. Pragman et al. – PLOS ONE

Animal experiments

***Elevated faecal 12,13-diHOME concentration in neonates at high risk for asthma is produced by gut bacteria and impedes immune tolerance – Sophia R. Levan et al. – Nature Microbiology

Effect of live yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae supplementation on the performance and cecum microbial profile of suckling piglets – Tadele G. Kiros et al. – PLOS ONE

Low-dose inoculation of Escherichia coli achieves robust vaginal colonization and results in ascending infection accompanied by severe uterine inflammation in mice – Valerie P. O’Brien – PLOS ONE

Probiotic strains improve high-fat diet-induced hypercholesterolemia through modulating gut microbiota in ways different from atorvastatin – Dun Su et al. – bioRxiv

Host Genotype-shaped Gut Microbiome Modulate Atherosclerosis Development in Mice – Kazuyuki Kasahara et al. – Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology

Animal microbiome

Fecal microbiota of different reproductive stages of the central population of the lesser-long nosed bat, Leptonycteris yerbabuenae – Osiris Gaona et al. – PLOS ONE

Taxon appearance from extraction and amplification steps demonstrates the value of multiple controls in tick microbiome analysis – Emilie Lejal et al. – bioRxiv

Characterization of the gastrointestinal bacterial microbiome of farmed juvenile and adult white Cachama (Piaractus brachypomus) – Victor Alfonso et al. – Aquaculture

Biosynthesis and Characterization, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities
of Selenium Nanoparticles from Ethanol Extract of Bee Propolis
– Shubharani R. et al. – Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Plant, root and soil microbiome

The role of inoculum dispersal and plant species identity in the assembly of leaf endophytic fungal communities – Kevin D. Ricks et al. – PLOS ONE

***Is the bacterial leaf nodule symbiosis obligate for Psychotria umbellata? The development of a Burkholderia-free host plant – Arne Sinnesael et al. – PLOS ONE

AOA and AOB communities respond differently to changes of soil pH under long-term fertilization – Rubio Sun et al. – Soil Ecology Letters

***Negative plant-microbiome feedback limits productivity in aquaponics – Jessica A. Day et al. – bioRxiv

Do plant–microbe interactions and aluminum tolerance influence
alpine sedge species’ responses to nitrogen deposition?
– Teal S. Potter et al. – Ecosphere

Plant diversity and fertilizer management shape the belowground microbiome of native grass bioenergy feedstocks – Daniel Revillini et al. – Frontiers in Plant Science

Microbial taxonomical composition in spruce phyllosphere, but not community functional structure, varies by geographical location – Yunshi Li et al. – PeerJ

Responses of plant growth, physiological, gas exchange parameters of super and non-super rice to rhizosphere temperature at the tillering stage – Shuying Li at al. – Nature Scientific Reports

Influence of introduced arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and phosphorus sources on plant traits, soil properties, and rhizosphere microbial communities in organic legume-flax rotation – Yunliang Li et al. – Plant and Soil

Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on inoculated seedling growth and rhizosphere soil aggregates – Zhongfeng Zhang et al. – Soil and Tillage Research

Properties of bacterial community in the rhizosphere soils of Achyranthes bidentata tolerant to consecutive monoculture – Juanying Wang et al. – Plant Growth Regulation

The role of volatile organic compounds and rhizosphere competence in the mode of action of the non-pathogenic Fusarium oxysporum FO12 towards Verticillium wilt – Mulero-Aparicio et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Dynamic changes in soil chemical properties and microbial community structure in response to different nitrogen fertilizers in an acidified celery soil – Yuping Wu et al. – Soil Ecology Letters

Improved rhizoremediation for decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) in E-waste contaminated soils – Jiayin Feng et al. – Soil Ecology Letters

Review: Soil biofilms: microbial interactions, challenges, and advanced techniques for ex-situ characterization – Peng Cai et al. – Soil Ecology Letters

Organic amendment effects on nematode distribution within aggregate fractions in agricultural soils – Xiaoke Zhang et al. – Soil Ecology Letters

Water and extermophile microbiome

Book chapter: New Perspectives on the Distribution and Roles of Thermophilic Fungi – Miriam I. Hutchinson et al. – Fungi in Extreme Environments: Ecological Role and Biotechnological Significance

Diversity and biogeography of eukaryotic microorganism in the deepsea sediment of the Eastern Indian Ocean – Xiaoxia Ma et al. – International Journal of Science

Phages and viruses

Phage composition of a fermented milk and colostrum product assessed by microbiome array; putative role of open reading frames – Stefania Pacini et al. – bioRxiv

Techniques

Modelling approaches for studying the microbiome – Manish Kumar et al. – Nature Microbiology

Guest Editorial: Beyond sequencing: fast and easy microbiome profiling by flow cytometry – Charlotte Esser at al. – Archives of Toxicology

View Point: Opportunities at the Intersection of Synthetic Biology, Machine Learning, and Automation – Pablo Carbonell et al. – ACS Synthetic Biology

Microbes in the News

***Elevated Concentration of Lipid in Neonatal Microbiome Predicts Later Risk for Asthma, Allergy – Allison Inserro – AJMC Newsroom

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