November 18, 2017

Featuring a bioinformatics paper from my former lab mate, as well as multiple, interesting pre-prints! See also a paper on rats in NYC and a study on peer review.

Events and jobs
Microbiology Technician I – Abbott – Plymouth, Minnesota, United States

Biology, Assistant Professor, Microbiology – College of Saint Benedict/Saint John’s University in Minnesota (3 year term, not tenure track)

PhD Studentship: Microbiome mediated resiliency of freshwater habitat – University of Birmingham

OMRF seeks participants as it launches new sarcoidosis clinic

General microbiome
Ecological Insights from the Evolutionary History of Microbial Innovations
Mario E Muscarella – bioRxiv

Pregnancy and early life
Mode of delivery and child and adolescent psychological well-being: Evidence from Hong Kong’s “Children of 1997” birth cohort – Cherry Y. Leung – Scientific Reports

Multi-site human microbiome
Body size phenotypes comprehensively assess cardiometabolic risk and refine the association between obesity and gut microbiota – J de la Cuesta-Zuluaga – International Journal of Obesity

Human gut microbiome
Structural and functional differences in gut microbiome composition in patients undergoing haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis – Vanessa Stadlbauer – Scientific Report

A role for bacterial urease in gut dysbiosis and Crohn’s disease – Josephine Ni – Science Translational Medicine

Animal experiments
Alteration of the intestinal microbiome characterizes preclinical inflammatory arthritis in mice and its modulation attenuates established arthritis – Rebecca Rogier – Scientific Reports

Dietary protein sources differentially affect microbiota, mTOR activity and transcription of mTOR signaling pathways in the small intestine – Soumya K. Kar – PLoS One

Blockade of CB1 cannabinoid receptor alters gut microbiota and attenuates inflammation and diet-induced obesity – Pegah Mehrpouya-Bahrami – Scientific Reports

Wild Microbiome Stems Tumorigenesis in Lab Mice – Cancer Discovery

Dietary chlorogenic acid regulates gut microbiota, serum-free amino acids and colonic serotonin levels in growing pigs – Yi Wu – International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

Plant, root, and soil microbiomeSoil-mediated effects of global change on plant communities depend on plant growth form – Jes Hines – Ecosphere

Built environment
Spatial variation in the parasite communities and genomic structure of urban rats in New York City – L. P. Angley – Zoonoses and Public Health

Food microbiology
Digestion under saliva, simulated gastric and small intestinal conditions and fermentation in vitro of polysaccharides from the flowers of Camellia sinensis induced by human gut microbiota – Dan Chen – Food and Function

Review: Dietary and Endogenous Sphingolipid Metabolism in Chronic Inflammation – Gregory H. Norris – Nutrients

Review: Cardiovascular and Antiobesity Effects of Resveratrol Mediated through the Gut Microbiota – JK Bird – Advances in Nutrition

Review: Yogurt and Cardiometabolic Diseases: A Critical Review of Potential Mechanisms – MA Fernandez – Advances in Nutrition

Phages and viruses
Molecularly barcoded Zika virus libraries to probe in vivo evolutionary dynamics – Matthew T. Aliota – bioRxiv

A Bayesian method for detecting pairwise associations in compositional data – Emma Schwager – PLoS Computational Biology
Shout-out to my old lab mate, Emma!

MetQy: an R package to query metabolic functions of genes and genomes – Andrea Martinez-Vernon – bioRxiv

Genome announcements
Streptomyces tritici sp. nov., a novel actinomycete isolated from rhizosphere soil of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) – Junwei Zhao – International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology

Rhodococcus psychrotolerans sp. nov., isolated from rhizosphere of Deschampsia antarctica – Leonardo Jose Silva – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Thalassotalea coralli sp. nov., isolated from the torch coral Euphyllia glabrescens – Der-Shyan Sheu – International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology

Microbes in the news
Lab-Grown Synthetic Nanobots May Officially End Antibiotic Resistance – Patrick Caughill – Futurism

Biolive yoghurt can help to lower blood pressure – Colin Fernandez – IOL

Dolphins: The final frontier for new types of bacteria? – Nicoletta Lanese – Scope

10 Things You Should Never Say to Someone With a Chronic Illness—Seriously – Karen Duffy – Health

Bacterium in a beetle makes it a leaf-eater – Science Daily
Paper: Drastic Genome Reduction in an Herbivore’s Pectinolytic Symbiont – Hassan Salem – Cell

How the Immune System Identifies Invading Bacteria – HHMI
Paper: The structural basis of flagellin detection by NAIP5: A strategy to limit pathogen immune evasion – Jeannette L. Tenthorey – Science

Dog owners have lower mortality, study finds – Katie Silver – BBC
No actual mention of microbiome in paper, which is: Dog ownership and the risk of cardiovascular disease and death – a nationwide cohort study – Mwenya Mubanga – Scientific Report

Microbes on the market
Evelo taps Mayo Clinic expertise for therapeutic bacteria programs – Phil Taylor – FierceBiotech

Human Microbiome Market Global Therapeutics, Drugs Review To 2025 – MedGadget

Researchers receive $500,000 grant to study the “microbiome of death” – Matt Wood – ScienceLife

Science, publishing, and career
Reviewer bias in single- versus double-blind peer review – Andrew Tomkins – PNAS

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