July 7, 2016

Genetic variation and airway microbiome, Thai vegetarians, social wasps carry local yeast strains, classifying infections by host response, profiling of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.

Pregnancy and birth

Research Highlight: First steps in the infant gut microbiota – Katrina Ray – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Human respiratory microbiome

Host genetic variation in mucosal immunity pathways influences the upper airway microbiome – Catherine Igartua – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

A Disease-associated Microbial and Metabolomics State in Relatives of Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients – Jonathan P. Jacobs – CMGH Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Microbial community of healthy Thai vegetarians and non-vegetarians, their core gut microbiota and pathogens risk – Supatjaree Ruengsomwong – Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Animal experiments

Personality composition alters the transmission of cuticular bacteria in social groups – Carl N. Keiser – Biology Letters

Oat products modulate the gut microbiota and produce anti-obesity effects in obese rats – Ji-lin Dong – Journal of Functional Foods

Animal microbiome

Social wasp intestines host the local phenotypic variability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains – Leonardo Dapporto – Yeast

Spatial and temporal investigation of the microbiome of the Caribbean octocoral Erythropodium caribaeorum – Erin P McCauley – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Bacterial and fungal symbionts of parasitic Dendroctonus bark beetles – Loïc Dohet – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Active microorganisms in forest soils differ from the total community yet are shaped by the same environmental factors: the influence of pH and soil moisture – Karl J. Romanowicz – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

High-resolution community profiling of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi – Klaus Schlaeppi – New Phytologist

Mycorrhizal associations and soil properties of native Allanblackia stuhlmannii stands in the Eastern Usambara Mountains, Tanzania – P. Fransson – Annals of Applied Biology

Hierarchical neighbor effects on mycorrhizal community structure and function – Holly V. Moeller – Ecology and Evolution

Review: The role of plant-microbiome interactions in weed establishment and control – F. Trognitz – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Bacteria and Archaea diversity within the hot springs of Lake Magadi and Little Magadi in Kenya – Anne Kelly Kambura – BMC Microbiology

Spatial distribution of aquatic marine fungi across the western Arctic and sub-arctic – Brandon T. Hassett – Environmental Microbiology

Metagenomics and bioinformatics

Metagenome Mining: A Sequence Directed Strategy for the Retrieval of Enzymes for Biocatalysis – Jack W. E. Jeffries – Chemistry Select

Reaching saturation in 16S rRNA sequencesAfter All, Only Millions? – Rudolf Amann – mBio

More microbiology

Robust classification of bacterial and viral infections via integrated host gene expression diagnostics – Timothy E. Sweeney – Science Translational Medicine

Press: A Blood Test To Determine When Antibiotics Are Warranted: Scientists can assay gene activity to distinguish between bacterial and viral infections – Alison F. Takemura – The Scientist

Editorial: Linking Ecosystem Function to Microbial Diversity – Anne E. Bernhard – Frontiers in Microbiology

Microbes in the news

Meet Angus, the C. difficile-sniffing dog trained to detect superbugs – CBC News

Researchers, farmers collaborate to prevent E. coli – Science Daily

How the bacterial protective shell is adapted to challenging environments – Phys.org

Could E.Coli be used to fight disease? Bacteria could transport next-generation vaccines, experts reveal – Daily Mail

Single microbe may restore social behaviors in mice – Ann Griswold – Spectrum

High Demand For Antibiotics Leads To Growth In Microbiology Culture Industry In United States – MedGadget

Discovery of new bacterium brings laurels to Palamuru University – The Hindu

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