October 12, 2015

A nice and short digest today. Happy Columbus Day!

Human gut microbiome

Relationship Between Microbiota of the Colonic Mucosa vs Feces and Symptoms, Colonic Transit, and Methane Production in Female Patients With Chronic Constipation – Gopanandan Parthasarathy – Gastroenterology

Ecology of bacteria in the human gastrointestinal tract—identification of keystone and foundation taxa – Pål Trosvik and Eric Jacques de Muinck – Microbiome

Review: The Gut Microbiota as a Therapeutic Target in IBD and Metabolic Disease: A Role for the Bile Acid Receptors FXR and TGR5 – Annemarie Baars – Microorganisms

Review: Microbiota in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Pathogenesis and Therapy
Is It All About Diet? – Daniela Elena Serban – Nutrition in Clinical Practice

Review: Role of the Gut Microbiome in Obesity and Diabetes Mellitus – Gillian M. Barlow – Nutrition in Clinical Practice

Animal models

Functional analysis of the relationship between intestinal microbiota and the expression of hepatic genes and pathways during the course of liver regeneration – Hui-Xin Liu – Journal of Hepatology

Metagenomics and Bioinformatics

SUPER-FOCUS: A tool for agile functional analysis of shotgun metagenomic data – Genivaldo Gueiros Z. Silva – Bioinformatics

Viruses and phages

Research Highlight: Phages’ box of tricks for CRISPR – Naomi Attar – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Microbes and art

Microbial masterpieces! Scientists ‘paint’ detailed works of art by growing bacteria from human skin and even faeces in petri dishes – Victoria Woollaston – Daily Mail
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3269542/Microbial-masterpieces-Scientists-paint-detailed-works-art-growing-bacteria-petri-dishes.html

Microbes in the news

University of New Haven professor’s research focuses on ‘horrible’ Lyme disease – Mark Zaretsky – New Haven Register

Repeat from earlier podcast: The Bacterial Cloud We All Carry Could Be As Unique As A Fingerprint – Rob Stein – NPR

Antibiotics ban: California first state to outlaw routine use of bacteria-fighting drugs in livestock – Jessica Calefati – Mercury News

Desperate Families in Delhi as Dengue Overwhelms Hospitals – Nida Najar – New York Times

Novel mathematical method may help reduce development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria – News Medical

Bacteria Hysteria

Concerned about germs on shopping trolley handles? Cleaning gadget beats bacteria – Hannah Bouckley – BT

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