July 31, 2015

Microbiome antibodies prevented an HIV vaccine from working, effect of antibiotics during rhinosinusitis, microbiome and tuberculosis, how mussels get colonized, and a fruit based nutrient bar’s effect on human metabolism.

Human respiratory microbiome

The Microbiome at the Pulmonary Alveolar Niche: How It Affects the Human Innate Response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis – Alexander J. Adami – Tuberculosis

The effect of antibiotics on the microbiome in acute exacerbations of chronic rhinosinusitis – Mark A. Merkley – International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology

Review: Microbiome influences on allergy in mice and humans – Benjamin J Marsland – Current Opinion in Immunology

Human gut microbiome

Diversion of HIV-1 vaccine-induced immunity by gp41-microbiota cross-reactive antibodies – Wilton B. Williams – Science

Not microbiota, but of interest: Go with the Flow: Regional gastrointestinal transit and pH studied in 215 healthy volunteers using the wireless motility capsule: influence of age, gender, study country and testing protocol – Y. T. Wang – Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics

Commentary: You Lose Some, You Win Some: Weight Loss Induces Microbiota and Metabolite Shifts – Elisabeth M. Bik – EBioMedicine

Review: The role of the gut microbiota in metabolic health – Aafke W. F. Janssen and Sander Kersten – The FASEB Journal

Microbiome models

MyD88 Adaptor-Dependent Microbial Sensing by Regulatory T Cells Promotes Mucosal Tolerance and Enforces Commensalism – Sen Wang – Immunity

CommentaryA Toolbox for Microbiome Engineering – Mohamed S. Donia – Cell Systems

Animal microbiome

The nasopharyngeal microbiota of feedlot cattle that develop bovine respiratory disease – Devin B. Holman – Veterinary Microbiology

Adapted to change: the rapid development of symbiosis in newly settled, fast-maturing chemosymbiotic mussels in the deep sea – Laming Sven R – Marine Environmental Research

Plant, soil, and root microbiology

Roots from distinct plant developmental stages are capable of rapidly selecting their own microbiome without the influence of environmental and soil edaphic factors – Jun Yuan – Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Environmental Filtering of Microbial Communities in Agricultural Soil Shifts with Crop Growth – Sarah K. Hargreaves – PLOS ONE

Interactions between a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium and smoke-derived compounds and their effect on okra growth – Heino B. Papenfus – Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science

Food microbiology

Diversity and dynamics of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in cheese as determined by PCR denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis – Ana Belén Flórez – International Journal of Food Microbiology

Proteomics and metabolomics

A human gut metaproteomic dataset from stool samples pretreated or not by differential centrifugation – Alessandro Tanca – Data in Brief

A multicomponent nutrient bar promotes weight loss and improves dyslipidemia and insulin resistance in the overweight/obese: chronic inflammation blunts these improvements – Joyce C. McCann – The FASEB Journal

Microbes in the news

Gut microbiome may have interfered with experimental HIV vaccines – Rachel Tompa – Fred Hutch

Vacation souvenirs can be crappy, but rarely are they actual crap: Ilana Brito, the Biologist Who Flew to Fiji for Feces – Rachel Becker – Ozy

Science, publishing, and career

Why not have a life? I only stay late if I’m actually doing an experiment – Gary McDowell – Science

Bik’s Picks

Deadly Fungus Could Threaten U.S. Salamanders – Stephanie Pappas – Discover / LiveScience

Plants send out stress signals just like animals, scientists find – Robert Gebelhoff – Washington Post

Vaccine Success Holds Hope For End To Deadly Scourge Of Ebola – Kate Kelland – Huffington Post

The world’s best whiskey is being sent into space for the sake of science – Gabriel Fisher – Quartz



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