December 19, 2014

Pregnancy and Birth

Lots of abstracts (mostly from the group of Kjersti Aagaard) from the 35th Annual Meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine — The Pregnancy Meeting in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

13: Association of preterm birth with alterations in the microbiome and linkage to host mtDNA variants – Kjersti Aagaard

57: Alterations in the intestinal microbiome of infants are associated with breastfeeding practice – Derrick Chu

78: Distinct alterations in the placental microbiome among spontaneous preterm births – Kjersti Aagaard

79: Metagenomics of a population-based prospective cohort reveals no discernable impact of mode of delivery (MOD) on the infant microbiome by 6 weeks of age – Derrick Chu

122: The microbiome of the placenta is altered among subjects with severe chorioamnionitis & spontaneous preterm birth – Amanda Prince

282: Chorioamnionitis induced by intramniotic injection of IL1, LPS or Ureaplasma parvum is associated with an altered microbiome in a primate model of inflammatory preterm birth (PTB) – Amanda Prince

283: Amniotic fluid microbiome community and inflammation in women with second trimester cervical changes – Amanda Roman

342: Poor maternal nutrition is associated with alterations in the maternal and neonatal microbiome communities – Kathleen Antony

650: Characterization of the vaginal microbiome following preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) – Janet Hill

709: Race, latency, and fetal membrane microbiota diversity in preterm premature rupture of membranes – Sarahn Wheeler

Human oral microbiome

* Comparative analysis of the human saliva microbiome from different climate zones: Alaska, Germany, and Africa – Li J – BMC Microbiology

Human respiratory microbiome

The adult nasopharyngeal microbiome as a determinant of pneumococcal acquisition – Cremers AJ – Microbiome Journal

Human gut microbiome

* The gut microbiota of Colombians differs from that of Americans, Europeans and Asians – Escobar JS – BMC Microbiology

Gut Microbiota: Its Role in Hepatic Encephalopathy – Rahul Rai – Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology

The fungal microbiota of de-novo paediatric inflammatory bowel disease – I. Mukhopadhya – Microbes and Infection

Human vaginal microbiome

Colonization of the upper genital tract by vaginal bacterial species in non-pregnant women  – Caroline M. Mitchell – American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Transcriptional fingerprints of antigen-presenting cell subsets in the human vaginal mucosa and skin reflect tissue-specific immune microenvironments – Dorothée Duluc – Genome Medicine

Animal models

Microbially Driven TLR5-Dependent Signaling Governs Distal Malignant Progression through Tumor-Promoting Inflammation – Melanie R. Rutkowski – Cancer Cell

Intestinal microbiota diversity and expression of pattern recognition receptors in newly weaned piglets – Xin Tao – Anaerobe

Host genetics and diet, but not immunoglobulin A expression, converge to shape
compositional features of the gut microbiome in an advanced intercross population
of mice – Larry J Leamy – Genome Biology

The effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus as feed supplement on skin mucosal immune parameters, intestinal microbiota, stress resistance and growth performance of black swordtail (Xiphophorus helleri) – Seyed Hossein Hoseinifar – Fish & Shellfish Immunology

Animal microbiome

Investigation of a new acetogen isolated from an enrichment of the tammar wallaby forestomach – Gagen EJ – BMC Microbiology

Metagenomics, bioinformatics

Determining the quality and complexityof next-generation sequencing data without
a reference genome – Seyed Yahya Anvar – Genome Biology

Techniques

Tracking down the sources of experimental contamination in microbiome studies – Sophie Weiss – Genome Biology

More microbiology

Single cell genomics of bacterial pathogens: outlook for infectious disease research – Jeffrey S McLean and Roger S Lasken – Genome Medicine

A phylogeny-based sampling strategy and power calculator informs genome-wide associations study design for microbial pathogens – Maha R Farhat – Genome Medicine

Environmental enteropathy and malnutrition: do we know enough to intervene? – William A Petri – BMC Medicine

Microbes in the news

Mix of Bacteria in Gut May Depend More on Diet than Genes – Microbiota, Microbiome Change Quickly, UCSF Researchers Find – Jeffrey Norris – UCSF

Protection of the mouse gut by mucus depends on microbes – Phys.org

Life would go on if all bacteria disappeared (but it would totally suck) – Rachel Feltman – Washington Post

New technology using bacteria from dung helps coffee farmers to purify water – Oliver Balch – The Guardian

Science, publishing, career

Dragging scientific publishing into the 21st century – Razib Khan – Genome Biology

Training for peer review: why we need it and how to get there – David Moher – Biome BioMedCentral

Along with the privilege of authorship come important responsibilities – David Moher – BMC Medicine

Crashing the Old Boys’ Science Club – Yamina Berchiche – Live Science

Bik’s Picks

‘People Can Be Afraid of Anything’ – There are plenty of people afraid of whales who will never even see one. How I learned about, and tried to conquer, my own cetaphobia – Kate Horowitz – The Atlantic

Playlist: Science! – NPR/TED staff – NPR

Birds sensed severe storms and fled before tornado outbreak – Science Daily

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