Microbiome Digest, December 5, 2014

Human oral microbiome

Noma Affected Children from Niger Have Distinct Oral Microbial Communities Based on High-Throughput Sequencing of 16S rRNA Gene Fragments – Katrine L. Whiteson – PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

* Ancient DNA analysis of dental calculus – Laura S. Weyrich – Journal of Human Evolution

Human gut microbiome

* Gut microbiota are related to Parkinson’s disease and clinical phenotype – Filip Scheperjans – Movement Disorders

The role of the microbiome in immune cell development – Nita H. Salzman – Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology

Ezakiella peruensis gen. nov., sp. nov. isolated from human fecal sample from a coastal traditional community in Peru – Nisha B. Patel – Anaerobe

Microbiome and Immunology

Microbial Programming of Systemic Innate Immunity and Resistance to Infection – Thomas B. Clarke – PLOS Pathogens

Animal models of microbiome research

* (see also Metabolomics) Diet and Feeding Pattern Affect the Diurnal Dynamics of the Gut Microbiome – Amir Zarrinpar – Cell Metabolism

Effects of cyclophosphamide on immune system and gut microbiota in mice – Xiaofei Xu, Xuewu Zhang – Microbiological Research

Gut microbiota and environment in patients with major burns – A preliminary report – Kentaro Shimizu – Burns

Animal microbiome

* The Feline Oral Microbiome: A Provisional 16S rRNA gene based Taxonomy with Full-length Reference Sequences – Floyd E. Dewhirst – Veterinary Microbiology

Diversity and health status specific fluctuations of intrauterine microbial communities in postpartum dairy cows – K. Wagener – Veerinary Microbiology

Evidence of Polyethylene Biodegradation by Bacterial Strains from the Guts of Plastic-Eating Waxworms – Jun Yang – Environmental Science & Technology

Metabolomics

Diet and Feeding Pattern Affect the Diurnal Dynamics of the Gut Microbiome – Amir Zarrinpar – Cell Metabolism

A Systematic Computational Analysis of Biosynthetic Gene Cluster Evolution: Lessons for Engineering Biosynthesis – Marnix H. Medema – PLOS Computational Biology

The Evolution of Fungal Metabolic Pathways – Jennifer H. Wisecaver – PLOS Genetics

The microbial degradation of onion flavonol glucosides and their roasting products by the human gut bacteria Eubacterium ramulus and Flavonifractor plautii – Katrin Ulbrich – Food Research International

Desulfovibrio desulfuricans isolates from the gut of a single individual: Structural and biological lipid a characterization – Wei Zhang-Sun – FEBS Letters

Metagenomics

Extensive Error in the Number of Genes Inferred from Draft Genome Assemblies – James F. Denton – PLOS Computational Biology

Microbes in the news

A Worm’s Gut Could Help Dispose of Plastic Trash: Microbes found in the guts of waxworms like to feast on polyethylene – Rachel Nuwer – Smithsonian Magazine

Friendly bacteria are protective against malaria – MedicalXpress

Self-healing Concrete Vanishes Potholes Using Bacteria. Here’s How it Works – Jan Dizon – TechTimes

Wireless Implant Eliminates Bacteria, Then Dissolves – WND

Science, publishing and career

* Ten Simple Rules for Finishing Your PhD – Jacopo Marino – PLOS Computational Biology

Bik’s Picks

Amid Bugs, Hail, Floods and Bacteria, Italian Olives Take a Beating – Elisabetta Povoledo – New York Times

See it, touch it, feel it: Researchers use ultrasound to make invisible 3-D haptic shape that can be seen and felt – Science Daily

Satire: Breaking: James Watson Faked Winning A Nobel Prize – The Allium

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