Human and other microbiomes, July 2

Fungi in the mouth, microbiome in celiac disease, viruses in bats, fecal microbiota of penguins, and bacteria in water and concrete.

Human oral microbiome

Screen Shot 2014-07-02 at 10.35.22 PMMolecular Analysis of Fungal Populations in Patients with Oral Candidiasis Using Internal Transcribed Spacer Region – Shinsuke Ieda – PLOS ONE

“In this study we examined the fungal flora in patients with oral candidiasis and investigated changes in the flora after antifungal treatment using length heterogeneity-polymerization chain reaction (LH-PCR) analysis of ITS regions.”

Human respiratory microbiome

Screen Shot 2014-07-02 at 10.35.47 PMLetter: No Clinical Association of Live Attenuated Influenza Virus with Nasal Carriage of Bacteria or Acute Otitis Media – Kathleen L. Coelingh, Robert B. Belshe – mBio

“We write this note to clarify the article “Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine Enhances Colonization of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus in Mice” by Mina et al. (1) in order that patients or clinicians not misinterpret the study’s clinical relevance.”

Human gut microbiome

Review: Screen Shot 2014-07-02 at 10.16.45 PMIntestinal Microbiota and Probiotics in Celiac Disease – Luís Fernando de Sousa Moraes – Clinical Microbiology Reviews

“This review aims to discuss the characteristics of the microbiota in CD subjects and the use of probiotics as a novel therapy for CD. “

Bat microbiome

Screen Shot 2014-07-02 at 10.36.24 PMBat Distribution Size or Shape as Determinant of Viral Richness in African Bats – Gaël D. Maganga – PLOS ONE

“We investigated the determinants of viral richness in 15 species of African bats (8 Pteropodidae and 7 microchiroptera) in Central and West Africa for which we provide new information on virus infection and bat phylogeny. “

Bird microbiome

Screen Shot 2014-07-02 at 10.36.58 PMInfluence of Fasting during Moult on the Faecal Microbiota of Penguins – Meagan L. Dewar – PLOS ONE

“Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the microbial composition and diversity of the GI microbiota of fasting little (Eudyptula minor) and king penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus) penguins during early and late moult.”

Invertebrate microbiome

Screen Shot 2014-07-02 at 10.37.27 PMBacterial Community Composition in the Gut Content and Ambient Sediment of Sea Cucumber Apostichopus japonicus Revealed by 16S rRNA Gene Pyrosequencing – Fei Gao – PLOS ONE

“The composition of the bacterial communities in the contents of the foregut and hindgut of the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus and in the ambient surface sediment was surveyed by 16S rRNA gene 454-pyrosequencing. “

Plant microbiome

Screen Shot 2014-07-02 at 10.37.55 PMSelecting Microbial Strains from Pine Tree Resin: Biotechnological Applications from a Terpene World – Cristina Vilanova – PLOS ONE

“The taxonomic and functional diversity of the cultivated, resin-tolerant fraction of the whole microbiota were unveiled by high-throughput sequencing, which resulted in the detection of more than 40 bacterial genera among the terpene-degrading microorganisms, and a range of genes involved in the degradation of different terpene families.”

Water and concrete microbiology

Screen Shot 2014-07-02 at 10.38.23 PMCoupling Genetic and Chemical Microbiome Profiling Reveals Heterogeneity of Archaeome and Bacteriome in Subsurface Biofilms That Are Dominated by the Same Archaeal Species – Alexander J. Probst – PLOS ONE

“Here, we investigated the microbiome relatedness of subsurface biofilms of two sulfidic springs in southeast Germany that have similar physical and chemical parameters and are fed by one deep groundwater current.”

Screen Shot 2014-07-02 at 10.38.41 PMMicrobial Quality and Phylogenetic Diversity of Fresh Rainwater and Tropical Freshwater Reservoir – Rajni Kaushik – PLOS ONE

“The taxonomic richness and phylogenetic relationship of the freshwater reservoir with those of the fresh rainwater were also assessed using 16 S rRNA gene clone library construction. “

Screen Shot 2014-07-02 at 10.29.38 PMBacteria and concrete-a love-hate relationship – Embriette Hyde

“Sometimes bacteria appear to harm concrete, sometimes they appear to help it.”

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