Human (and fish) microbiome, July 16

Oral microbiome in children with leukemia, and effects of antibiotics on fish microbiota.

Human oral microbiome

Oral Microbiota Distinguishes Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Pediatric Hosts from Healthy Populations – Yan Wang – PLOS ONE

“The oral microbiota of leukemia patients had lower richness and less diversity compared to healthy controls.”

Human gut microbiome

Editorial: New bacteria associated with diarrhoea – Cláudio Nunes-Alves – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Pop et al. used high throughput 16S rRNA sequencing to compare the faecal microbiota composition in 992 children from Gambia, Mali, Kenya and Bangladesh”

Pregnancy and birth

Yes, this one is not really microbiome-related, but it touched my heart:

Screen Shot 2014-07-16 at 11.49.15 PMStrangers help with photo in midst of tragedy – Dorrine Mendoza, CNN

“”My daughter recently passed away after a long battle in the children’s hospital. She was in the hospital her whole life and we were never able to get a photo without all her tubes. Can someone remove the tubes?””

Fish microbiome

Effects of antibiotic on the bacterial microflora in two commercially
important catfish species, Clarias batrachus and Heteropneustes fossilis in
Bangladesh – Md. Shahdat Hossain – Journal of Coastal Life Medicine

“During the experiment, bacterial loads were estimated as colony forming unit (CFU/g) by every alternate day in the aquarium water, gills, skin and intestine of fish.”

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Non-human microbiome, June 30

Primate vaginal microbiome, birds painting eggs with bacteria, MHC and microbiota in fish, onions and tomato, bacteria on the beach, and (#BacteriaHysteria alert) “fecal veneer on climbing walls”.

Primate microbiome (also see Human digest)

Screen Shot 2014-06-30 at 11.23.32 PMPrimate vaginal microbiomes exhibit species specificity without universal Lactobacillus dominance – Suleyman Yildirim – ISME J (uncorrected proof, link to Chapman Research)

“Our results indicated that all primates exhibited host-specific vaginal microbiota and that humans were distinct from other primates in both microbiome composition and extent of diversity”

Bird microbiome

Screen Shot 2014-06-30 at 11.43.49 PMSpecial structures of hoopoe eggshells enhance the adhesion of symbiont-carrying uropygial secretion that increase hatching success – Manuel Martín-Vivaldi – Journal of Animal Ecology

“The findings of specialized crypts on the eggshells of hoopoes, and of video-recorded females smearing secretion containing symbiotic bacteria at a high density onto the eggshells strongly support a link between secretion and bacteria on eggs. “

and:  The Bird That Paints Its Eggs With Bacteria – Ed Yong – National Geographic

“Now, they’ve found evidence that these birds use the same bacteria to protect their young before they’re even born. By filming nesting females, they confirmed that the birds actively paint their eggs with their uropygial secretions.”

Fish microbiology

Screen Shot 2014-06-30 at 11.45.12 PMMajor Histocompatibility Complex class II polymorphism influences gut microbiota composition and diversity – Daniel I. Bolnick – Molecular Ecology

“Here, we show that MHC II polymorphism is associated with among-individual variation in gut microbiota within a single wild vertebrate population of a small fish, the threespine stickleback. “

Insect microbiome

WolbachiaThe Coevolutionary Period of Wolbachia pipientis Infecting Drosophila ananassae and its Impact on the Evolution of the Host Germline Stem Cell Regulating Genes – Jae Young Choi and Charles F. Aquadro – Molecular Biology and Evolution

“Phylogenetic analysis of D. ananassae mitochondrial DNA and W. pipientis DNA sequence diversity revealed the current W. pipientis infection is not recent. In addition, we examined the population genetics and molecular evolution of several Germline Stem Cell (GSC) regulating genes of D. ananassae”

Plant microbiome

Screen Shot 2014-06-30 at 11.43.01 PMIdentification of bacteria pathogenic to or associated with onion (Allium cepa) based on sequence differences in a portion of the conserved gyrase B gene – Jean M. Bonasera – Journal of Microbiological Methods

“We have developed a method for the identification of Gram-negative bacteria, particularly members of the Enterobacteriaceae, based on sequence variation in a portion of the gyrB gene. Thus, we identified, in most cases to species level, over 1000 isolates from onion bulbs and leaves and soil in which onions were grown.”

Occurrence and distribution of tomato seed-borne mycoflora in Saudi Arabia and its correlation with the climatic variables – Abdulaziz A. Al-Askar – Microbial Biotechnology

“One hundred samples of tomato seeds were collected in 2011 and 2012 from tomato-cultivated fields in Saudi Arabia and screened for their seed-borne mycoflora. A total of 30 genera and 57 species of fungi were recovered from the collected seed samples using agar plate and deep-freezing blotter methods. “

WasabiManagement of Meloidogyne incognita on tomato with endophytic bacteria and fresh residue of Wasabia japonica – Guang-Ju Li – Journal of Applied Microbiology

“By in vitro bioassay, 53 NEB strains showing nematicidal efficacies of >50% against J2 of M. incognita were isolated from wasabi. Basing on 16S rRNA gene sequences, these NEB were identified into 18 species of 11 genera.”

Lichen and fungi

Screen Shot 2014-06-30 at 11.46.20 PMA single macrolichen constitutes hundreds of unrecognized species – Robert Lücking – PNAS

“This lichen was long believed to represent a single species, but after revising this number to 16 in two genera (Cora and Corella), here we show that at least 126 phylogenetically and morphologically distinct species are contained within this group, with statistical analysis predicting more than 400. “

Soil, sand, and slurry microbiome

The Ecological Controls on the Prevalence of Candidate Division TM7 in Polar Regions – Tristrom Winsley – Frontiers in Microbiology

“We correlated chemical, physical and biological parameters of each soil with the relative abundance of the two major classes of the phylum to deduce factors that influence the groups’ seemingly ubiquitous nature. “

Review: Present status of effect of microorganisms from sand beach on public
health – Emmanuel Velonakis – Journal of Coastal Life Medicine

“Relatively, recent epidemiological studies in the USA revealed positive correlation between time spent at the beach and gastroenteritis. New parameters such as wind blowing and beach users’ density are also introduced for discussion in association with the sand microbial load”

Crusts slurryMethanotrophs, methanogens, and microbial community structure in livestock slurry surface crusts – Yun-Feng Duan – Journal of Applied Microbiology

“Microbial communities in four crusts from cattle and swine slurries were investigated using DGGE and tag-encoded amplicon pyrosequencing. All crusts had distinct compositions of bacteria and archaea.”

Water microbiology

Biosynthesis of polybrominated aromatic organic compounds by marine bacteria
Vinayak Agarwal – Nature Chemical Biology

“Herein we report the discovery of a conserved biosynthetic gene cluster in marine bacteria responsible for the synthesis of widespread polybrominated aromatic compounds”

Environmental bacteriophages : viruses of microbes in aquatic ecosystems – Télesphore Sime – Ngando – Frontiers in Microbiology

“The present chapter sought to review the literature on the diversity and functional roles of viruses of microbes in environmental microbiology, focusing primarily on prokaryotic viruses (i.e. phages) in aquatic ecosystems, which form the bulk of our knowledge in modern environmental viral ecology.”

Built Environment

I really dislike this title …
Screen Shot 2014-06-30 at 11.47.38 PMMicrobial Sequencing Analyses Suggest the Presence of a Fecal Veneer on Indoor Climbing Wall Holds – S. L. Bräuer – Current Microbiology

“In contrast to many other studies of built environments, the majority of microorganisms on holds were most closely related to microbes annotated as being recovered from environmental sources, such as soil, with human skin also representing an important source.”

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Non-human microbiome, June 17

You waited for it: the Cannabis microbiome! But also microbiotas of salmon, a quail, coral, sponges, water, and ice.

Bird microbiome

Cultivable Bacterial Microbiota of Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus): A New Reservoir of Antimicrobial Resistance? – Hongwen Su – PLOS ONE

“Firmicutes was the most commonly encountered phylum (57%) followed by Actinobacteria (24%), Proteobacteria (17%) and Bacteroidetes (0.02%). Extensive diversity in the species composition of quail microbiota was observed among individual birds and anatomical locations.”

Fish microbiome

Pyrosequencing-based characterization of gastrointestinal bacteria of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) within a commercial mariculture system – K.Z. Zarkasi – Journal of Applied Microbiology

“Salmon GI tract bacterial communities commercially farmed in south-eastern Tasmania were analysed, over a 13-month period across a standard commercial production farm cycle, using 454 16S rRNA-based pyrosequencing. “

Coral and sponge microbiome

Community Shifts in the Surface Microbiomes of the Coral Porites astreoides with Unusual Lesions – Julie L. Meyer – PLOS ONE

“The presence of lesions in P. astreoides coincided with a decrease in the relative abundance of Endozoicomonas, rather than the appearance of specific pathogenic taxa.”

Bacterial suspects identified in Caribbean coral deaths – NewScientist

“Three bacteria seem to be responsible for a disease that has killed most of the Caribbean’s reef-building corals.”

Effects of salinity on antibiotic production in sponge-derived Salinispora actinobacteria – Y.K. Ng – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Fingerprint data were generated from extracts of S. arenicola broth cultures grown in media of varying salt (NaCl) concentrations.”

Plants microbiome

Understanding Cultivar-Specificity and Soil Determinants of the Cannabis Microbiome – Max E. Winston – PLOS ONE

“Here we present the first description of the endorhiza-, rhizosphere-, and bulk soil-associated microbiome of five distinct Cannabis cultivars. Bacterial communities of the endorhiza showed significant cultivar-specificity.”

The Role of Abiotic Environmental Conditions and Herbivory in Shaping Bacterial Community Composition in Floral Nectar – Michal Samuni-Blank – PLOS ONE

“ We studied culturable bacterial communities in Asphodelus aestivus floral nectar and in its typical herbivorous bug Capsodes infuscatus, along an aridity gradient.”

Microbial community structure during fluoranthene degradation in the presence of plants – S. Storey – Journal of Applied Microbiology

“Bacterial and fungal community composition in the rhizosphere was significantly different from that in nonrhizospheric and unplanted samples.”

Soil microbiome

Omics-based interpretation of synergism in a soil-derived cellulose-degrading microbial community – Yizhuang Zhou – Scientific Reports

“Analyses of reconstructed bacterial draft genomes from all seven uncultured phylotypes in F1RT indicate that its constituent microbes cooperate in both cellulose-degrading and other important metabolic processes.”

Structure, Composition and Metagenomic Profile of Soil Microbiomes Associated to Agricultural Land Use and Tillage Systems in Argentine Pampas – Belén Carbonetto – PLOS ONE

“The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of agricultural land use on community structure, composition and metabolic profiles on soil microbiomes of Argentine Pampas.”

 

Dust microbiome

Richness and Diversity in Dust Stormborne Biomes at the Southeast Mediterranean – Itzhak Katra – Scientific Reports

“In addition to the physico-chemical compositions, organismal diversities of dust from two storm events in southern Israel, December 2012 (Ev12) and January 2013 (Ev13), were determined by pyro-sequencing using primers universal to 16S and 18S rRNA genes and compared.”

Bioreactors

The maximum specific hydrogen-producing activity of anaerobic mixed cultures: definition and determination – Yang Mu – Scientific Reports

“ Our results demonstrate that this novel SHAm assay was a rapid, accurate and simple methodology for determining the hydrogen-producing activity of anaerobic mixed cultures.”

Methanogenic community changes, and emissions of methane and other gases, during storage of acidified and untreated pig slurry – S.O. Petersen – Journal of Applied Microbiology

“Pig slurry from two farms, acidified by different techniques or untreated, was stored for 83 days in a pilot-scale facility. Methanogens were characterized before and after storage by T-RFLP and qPCR targeting mcrA.”

Water and ice

The Characterization of RNA Viruses in Tropical Seawater Using Targeted PCR and Metagenomics – Alexander I. Culley – mBio

“In this study, we investigated the diversity of the RNA virus assemblages in tropical coastal seawater samples using targeted PCR and metagenomics.”

Variations of algal communities cause darkening of a Greenland glacier – Stefanie Lutz – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

“We have assessed the microbial ecology on the surface of Mittivakkat glacier in SE-Greenland during the exceptional high melting season in July 2012 when the so far most extreme melting rate for the Greenland Ice Sheet has been recorded.”

Pyrosequencing reveals correlations between extremely acidophilic bacterial communities with hydrogen sulphide concentrations, pH and inert polymer coatings at concrete sewer crown surfaces – E. Pagaling – Journal of Applied Microbiology

“Pyrosequencing and cloning showed that Mycobacterium and Acidithiobacillus dominated the acidophilic microbial communities. Methylacidiphilum was also dominant in samples where methane was detected.”

Bacterial community dynamics during the early stages of biofilm formation in a chlorinated experimental drinking water distribution system: implications for drinking water discolouration – I. Douterelo – Journal of Applied Microbiology

“Selected samples were analysed by cloning and sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. Fingerprinting analysis revealed significant changes in the bacterial community structure over time (P < 0·05). “

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Non-human microbiomes, June 16

Microbiomes of tse-tse flies, fish, lettuce, spruce. And also some salty sisters!

Insect microbiome

Identification of overexpressed genes in Sodalis glossinidius inhabiting trypanosome-infected self-cured tsetse flies – Illiassou Hamidou Soumana – Frontiers in Microbiology

“The aim of the work was to investigate whether fly refractoriness could be associated with specific Sodalis gene expression. The transcriptome of S. glossinidius harbored by flies that were fed either with a non-infected blood meal (control) or with a trypanosome-infected meal but that did not develop infection were analyzed, using microarray technology, and compared. “

Fish microbiome

Teleost microbiomes: the state of the art in their characterization, manipulation and importance in aquaculture and fisheries – Martin S. Llewellyn – Frontiers in Microbiology

“We discuss teleost microbiomes in health and disease, microbiome ontogeny, prospects for successful microbiome manipulation (especially in an aquaculture setting) and attempt to identify important future research themes. “

Plant microbiomes

Effect of the strain Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42 on the microbial community in the rhizosphere of lettuce under field conditions analyzed by whole metagenome sequencing – Magdalena Kröber – Frontiers in Microbiology

“Rhizosphere microbial communities of lettuce treated with B. amyloliquefaciens FZB42 and non-treated plants were profiled by high-throughput metagenome sequencing of whole community DNA. “

Loss of diversity in wood-inhabiting fungal communities affects decomposition activity in Norway spruce wood – Lara Valentín – Frontiers in Microbiology

“ The number of observed OTUs in DGGE was used as a measure of fungal diversity. Respiration rate increased between early- and late-decay stages. “

Specificity of plant-microbe interactions in the tree mycorrhizosphere biome and consequences for soil C cycling – Carolyn Churchland – Frontiers in Microbiology

“In this review we examine evidence for tree species- mycorrhizal specificity, and the mechanisms involved (e.g., signal compounds)”

Sludge and bioreactors

Pyrosequencing Analysis Yields Comprehensive Assessment of Microbial Communities in Pilot-Scale Two-Stage Membrane Biofilm Reactors – Aura Ontiveros-Valencia – Environmental Science & Technology

“UniFrac, principal coordinate analysis (PCoA), and diversity analyses documented that the microbial community of biofilms sampled when the MBfRs had a high acceptor loading were phylogenetically distant from and less diverse than the microbial community of biofilm samples with lower acceptor loadings. “

Sludge As a Potential Important Source of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Both the Bacterial and Bacteriophage Fractions – William Calero-Cáceres – Environmental Science & Technology

“This study evaluates the prevalence of ARGs in the bacterial and phage fractions of anaerobic digested sludge; five ARGs (blaTEM, blaCTX-M, qnrA, qnrS, and sul1) are quantified by qPCR.”

Water and salt microbiology

Salty sisters: the women of halophiles – Bonnie K. Baxter – Frontiers in Microbiology

“This essay emphasizes the “her story” (not “history”) of halophile discovery.”

The feasibility of automated online flow cytometry for in-situ monitoring of microbial dynamics in aquatic ecosystems – Michael D. Besmer – Frontiers in Microbiology

“As proof-of-concept we demonstrate examples of microbial dynamics in (i) flowing tap water from a municipal drinking water supply network and (ii) river water from a small creek subject to two rainfall events.”

Cytometric fingerprints: evaluation of new tools for analyzing microbial community dynamics – Christin Koch – Frontiers in Microbiology

“The source of inoculum (four different types of wastewater samples) showed the strongest influence on the microbial community structure and biofilm performance while the choice of substrate (acetate or lactate) had no significant effect in the present study.”

Subseafloor bacteria survive by over-activating DNA-repair and antibiotic target genes – Phys.org

“A group of researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute and University of Delaware* developed techniques to analyse the messenger RNA (mRNA) molecules produced by subseafloor microbes.”

Unexplored hypersaline habitats are sources of novel actinomycetes – Polpass Arul Jose – Frontiers in Microbiology

“….diverse actinomycetes from poorly studied unusual environments promises a raise in the prospect of discovering novel compounds with potential activities that can be developed as a resource for drug discovery “

From Twitter, thanks to @DeepMicrobe: Eight plenary speakers, all of them male.
Ninth International Symposium on Subsurface Microbiology – ISSM 2014

Vibrio ecology, pathogenesis, and evolution – Daniela Ceccarelli and Rita R. Colwell – Frontiers in Microbiology

“This Research Topic brings together 24 articles that highlight the most recent research findings concerning the biology of the genus Vibrio and covers pathogenicity and host interaction, genome plasticity and evolution, and the dynamics of factors influencing the ecology of vibrios.”

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Animal, plant, environmental microbiome digest, June 3, 2014

Microbiomes of wild mice, antibiotic treated cattle, catfish, insects, soil, and water. And some good old plagiarism.

Mammalian microbiome

Dietary history contributes to enterotype-like clustering and functional metagenomic content in the intestinal microbiome of wild mice – Jun Wang – PNAS

“By performing stable isotope analysis of environmental samples, monitoring communities during dietary shifts, and collecting functional metagenomic sequence data, we provide novel insight into the origins and dynamics of enterotype-like community clustering in wild house mice.”

Impact of treatment strategies on cephalosporin and tetracycline resistance gene quantities in the bovine fecal metagenome – Neena Kanwar – Nature Scientific Reports

“The study objective was to determine the effects of two treatment regimens on quantities of ceftiofur and tetracycline resistance genes in feedlot cattle. “

Fish microbiome

An Asian Origin of Virulent Aeromonas hydrophila Responsible for Disease Epidemics in United States-Farmed Catfish – Mohammad J. Hossain – mBio

“Our phylogenomic analyses suggest that U.S. catfish isolates emerged from A. hydrophila populations of Asian origin.”

Insect microbiome

Simultaneous assessment of the macrobiome and microbiome in a bulk sample of tropical arthropods through DNA metasystematics – Joel Gibson – PNAS

“We show that next-generation sequencing (NGS) of cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) DNA barcodes can accurately detect 83.5% of individually sequenced species (corresponding to 91% of individuals) in a bulk sample of terrestrial arthropods from a Costa Rican species-rich site.”

GroEL from the endosymbiont Buchnera aphidicola betrays the aphid by triggering plant defense – Ritu Chaudhary – PNAS

“By means of mass spectrometry, we identified 105 proteins in the saliva of the potato aphid Macrosiphum euphorbiae. Among these proteins were some originating from the proteobacterium Buchnera aphidicola, which lives endosymbiotically within bacteriocytes in the hemocoel of the aphid. “

Soil and rock microbiome

Deep 16S rRNA Pyrosequencing Reveals a Bacterial Community Associated with Banana Fusarium Wilt Disease Suppression Induced by Bio-Organic Fertilizer Application – Zongzhuan Shen – PLOS ONE

“Compared to the other soil samples, BIO-treated soil revealed higher abundances of Gemmatimonadetes and Acidobacteria, while Bacteroidetes were found in lower abundance”

Evaluation of Molecular Techniques in Characterization of Deep Terrestrial Biosphere – Malin Bomberg – Open Journal of Ecology

“our results show that the inferred diversity and composition of microbial communities in deep fracture fluids is highly dependent on analytical technique and that the method should be carefully selected with this in mind.”

Detecting Nitrous Oxide Reductase (nosZ) Genes in Soil Metagenomes: Method Development and Implications for the Nitrogen Cycle – L. H. Orellana – mBio

“we analyzed the abundance and diversity of both nosZ types in whole-genome shotgun metagenomes from sandy and silty loam agricultural soils that typify the U.S. Midwest corn belt”

Water microbiome

Survival secrets of Deep Lake – Graeme O’Neill – LifeScientist.com

“Deep Lake, in Antarctica’s Vestfold Hills, harbours a unique flora of salt-loving Archaea that survive at temperatures way below freezing. Professor Rick Cavicchioli’s team at UNSW has been plumbing the lake’s mysteries”

Accumulation and enhanced cycling of polyphosphate by Sargasso Sea plankton in response to low phosphorus – Patrick Martin – PNAS

” We show here that phytoplankton in the ultra–low-phosphorus Sargasso Sea are enriched in polyphosphate (polyP)”

Commonness and rarity in the marine biosphere – Sean R. Connolly – PNAS

“By identifying common features of different neutral models, we conduct a uniquely robust test of neutral theory across a global dataset of marine assemblages.”

Temporal Changes in Microbial Ecology and Geochemistry in Produced Water from Hydraulically Fractured Marcellus Shale Gas Wells – Maryam A. Cluff – Environmental Science & Technology

“This study tracked microbial community dynamics using pyrotag sequencing of 16S rRNA genes in water samples from three hydraulically fractured Marcellus shale wells in Pennsylvania, USA over a 328-day period.”

General Ecology

Effects of differential habitat warming on complex communities – Tyler D. Tunney – PNAS

“To demonstrate differential warming effects on food webs, we use boreal lakes to show that the energy pathways leading to an apex predator shift, according to thermal preference, and the vertical pathway lengthened in warmer climate.”

Microbes in Space

Protein patterns of black fungi under simulated Mars-like conditions – Kristina Zakharova – Nature Scientific Reports

“In this study the alterations at the protein expression level from various fungi species under Mars-like conditions were analyzed for the first time using 2D gel electrophoresis.”

Data mining and Bioinformatics

Detecting a Weak Association by Testing its Multiple Perturbations: a Data Mining Approach – Min-Tzu Lo & Wen-Chung Lee – Nature Scientific Reports

“Here, we propose a novel method which hinges on increasing sample size in a different direction–the total number of variables”

This paper contains plagiarized text, but I will toss it in anyway:
An Integrated Strategy for Functional Analysis of Microbial Communities Based on Gene Ontology and 16S rRNA Gene – Su-Ping Deng, De-Shuang Huang – SciencePaperOnline

“We analyzed the similarity between two microbial communities on functional state. In the experimental results, it shows that the semantic similarity can quantify the difference between two compared species on function level. “

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