Animal, plant, environmental microbiome digest, June 3, 2014

Microbiomes of wild mice, antibiotic treated cattle, catfish, insects, soil, and water. And some good old plagiarism.

Mammalian microbiome

Dietary history contributes to enterotype-like clustering and functional metagenomic content in the intestinal microbiome of wild mice – Jun Wang – PNAS

“By performing stable isotope analysis of environmental samples, monitoring communities during dietary shifts, and collecting functional metagenomic sequence data, we provide novel insight into the origins and dynamics of enterotype-like community clustering in wild house mice.”

Impact of treatment strategies on cephalosporin and tetracycline resistance gene quantities in the bovine fecal metagenome – Neena Kanwar – Nature Scientific Reports

“The study objective was to determine the effects of two treatment regimens on quantities of ceftiofur and tetracycline resistance genes in feedlot cattle. “

Fish microbiome

An Asian Origin of Virulent Aeromonas hydrophila Responsible for Disease Epidemics in United States-Farmed Catfish – Mohammad J. Hossain – mBio

“Our phylogenomic analyses suggest that U.S. catfish isolates emerged from A. hydrophila populations of Asian origin.”

Insect microbiome

Simultaneous assessment of the macrobiome and microbiome in a bulk sample of tropical arthropods through DNA metasystematics – Joel Gibson – PNAS

“We show that next-generation sequencing (NGS) of cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) DNA barcodes can accurately detect 83.5% of individually sequenced species (corresponding to 91% of individuals) in a bulk sample of terrestrial arthropods from a Costa Rican species-rich site.”

GroEL from the endosymbiont Buchnera aphidicola betrays the aphid by triggering plant defense – Ritu Chaudhary – PNAS

“By means of mass spectrometry, we identified 105 proteins in the saliva of the potato aphid Macrosiphum euphorbiae. Among these proteins were some originating from the proteobacterium Buchnera aphidicola, which lives endosymbiotically within bacteriocytes in the hemocoel of the aphid. “

Soil and rock microbiome

Deep 16S rRNA Pyrosequencing Reveals a Bacterial Community Associated with Banana Fusarium Wilt Disease Suppression Induced by Bio-Organic Fertilizer Application – Zongzhuan Shen – PLOS ONE

“Compared to the other soil samples, BIO-treated soil revealed higher abundances of Gemmatimonadetes and Acidobacteria, while Bacteroidetes were found in lower abundance”

Evaluation of Molecular Techniques in Characterization of Deep Terrestrial Biosphere – Malin Bomberg – Open Journal of Ecology

“our results show that the inferred diversity and composition of microbial communities in deep fracture fluids is highly dependent on analytical technique and that the method should be carefully selected with this in mind.”

Detecting Nitrous Oxide Reductase (nosZ) Genes in Soil Metagenomes: Method Development and Implications for the Nitrogen Cycle – L. H. Orellana – mBio

“we analyzed the abundance and diversity of both nosZ types in whole-genome shotgun metagenomes from sandy and silty loam agricultural soils that typify the U.S. Midwest corn belt”

Water microbiome

Survival secrets of Deep Lake – Graeme O’Neill – LifeScientist.com

“Deep Lake, in Antarctica’s Vestfold Hills, harbours a unique flora of salt-loving Archaea that survive at temperatures way below freezing. Professor Rick Cavicchioli’s team at UNSW has been plumbing the lake’s mysteries”

Accumulation and enhanced cycling of polyphosphate by Sargasso Sea plankton in response to low phosphorus – Patrick Martin – PNAS

” We show here that phytoplankton in the ultra–low-phosphorus Sargasso Sea are enriched in polyphosphate (polyP)”

Commonness and rarity in the marine biosphere – Sean R. Connolly – PNAS

“By identifying common features of different neutral models, we conduct a uniquely robust test of neutral theory across a global dataset of marine assemblages.”

Temporal Changes in Microbial Ecology and Geochemistry in Produced Water from Hydraulically Fractured Marcellus Shale Gas Wells – Maryam A. Cluff – Environmental Science & Technology

“This study tracked microbial community dynamics using pyrotag sequencing of 16S rRNA genes in water samples from three hydraulically fractured Marcellus shale wells in Pennsylvania, USA over a 328-day period.”

General Ecology

Effects of differential habitat warming on complex communities – Tyler D. Tunney – PNAS

“To demonstrate differential warming effects on food webs, we use boreal lakes to show that the energy pathways leading to an apex predator shift, according to thermal preference, and the vertical pathway lengthened in warmer climate.”

Microbes in Space

Protein patterns of black fungi under simulated Mars-like conditions – Kristina Zakharova – Nature Scientific Reports

“In this study the alterations at the protein expression level from various fungi species under Mars-like conditions were analyzed for the first time using 2D gel electrophoresis.”

Data mining and Bioinformatics

Detecting a Weak Association by Testing its Multiple Perturbations: a Data Mining Approach – Min-Tzu Lo & Wen-Chung Lee – Nature Scientific Reports

“Here, we propose a novel method which hinges on increasing sample size in a different direction–the total number of variables”

This paper contains plagiarized text, but I will toss it in anyway:
An Integrated Strategy for Functional Analysis of Microbial Communities Based on Gene Ontology and 16S rRNA Gene – Su-Ping Deng, De-Shuang Huang – SciencePaperOnline

“We analyzed the similarity between two microbial communities on functional state. In the experimental results, it shows that the semantic similarity can quantify the difference between two compared species on function level. “

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