February 1, 2019

Today’s digest is quite diverse: the respiratory microbiome networks in cystic fibrosis patients, ketogenic diet effects on the gut microbiota in children with severe epilepsy, and insect-associated Streptomyces (spoiler: inhibit antimicrobial-resistant pathogens more than soil Streptomyces). Happy reading!

General microbiome

Minireview: The signatures of microorganisms and of human and environmental biomes can now be used to provide evidence in legal cases – A H Bishop – FEMS Microbiology Letters

Transforming medicine with the microbiome – Niv Zmora – Science Translational Medicine

Gut microbiome

Gut intraepithelial T cells calibrate metabolism and accelerate cardiovascular disease – Shun He – Nature

*The ketogenic diet influences taxonomic and functional composition of the gut microbiota in children with severe epilepsy – Marie Lindefeldt – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Vaginal microbiome

Association between vaginal washing and vaginal bacterial concentrations – Michelle C. Sabo – PlosOne

Skin microbiome

Investigation of the Skin Microbiome: Swabs vs Biopsies – S. Prast‐Nielsen – British Journal of Dermatology

Oral microbiome

Carbonic Anhydrase 6 Gene Variation influences Oral Microbiota Composition and Caries Risk in Swedish adolescents – A. Esberg – Scientific Reports

Respiratory microbiome

*Microbiome networks and change-point analysis reveal key community changes associated with cystic fibrosis pulmonary exacerbations – Mehdi Layeghifard – npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Plant/root/soil microbiome

Effects of long-term fertilization on soil organic carbon mineralization and microbial community structure – Zhen Guo – PlosOne

Water microbiome

Functional screening for triclosan resistance in a wastewater metagenome and isolates of Escherichia coli and Enterococcus spp. from a large Canadian healthcare region – Andrew Camero – PlosOne

Animal experiments

Cream Cheese-Derived Lactococcus chungangensis CAU 28 Modulates the Gut Microbiota and Alleviates Atopic Dermatitis in BALB/c Mice – Jong-Hwa Kim – Scientific Reports

Animal Microbiome

*The antimicrobial potential of Streptomyces from insect microbiomes – Marc G. Chevrette – Nature Communications

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