December 12, 2018

Today’s digest features a citizen science project which describes the two compositional patterns (stomatotypes) in the oral microbiota of adolescents. The study also explores the role of different factors like hygeine, diet, drinking water in shaping the oral microbiota. Enjoy!

Human oral microbiome

*Citizen science charts two major “stomatotypes” in the oral microbiome of adolescents and reveals links with habits and drinking water composition – Jesse R. Willis – Microbiome

Uncovering complex microbiome activities via metatranscriptomics during 24 hours of oral biofilm assembly and maturation – Anna Edlund – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Review: Gut microbiota and inflammation in chronic kidney disease and their roles in the development of cardiovascular disease – Emine M. Onal – Hypertension Research

Animal experiments 

Zinc-amino-acid supplementation alters yearling ram rumen bacterial communities but zinc sulfate supplementation does not – Suzanne L Ishaq – Journal of Animal Science

Administration of antibiotics contributes to cholestasis in pediatric patients with intestinal failure via the alteration of FXR signaling – Yongtao Xiao – Experimental & Molecular Medicine

Intestinal microbiota mediates the susceptibility to polymicrobial sepsis‐induced liver injury by granisetron generation in mice – Shenhai Gong – Hepatology

Rumen microbiome in dairy calves fed copper and grape-pomace dietary supplementations: Composition and predicted functional profile – Filippo Biscarini – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Rhizosheath microbial community assembly of sympatric desert speargrasses is independent of the plant host – Ramona Marasco – Microbiome

Water and extremophile microbiome

Review: Petroleum Hydrocarbon-Degrading Bacteria for the Remediation of Oil Pollution Under Aerobic Conditions: A Perspective Analysis – Xingjian Xu – Frontiers in Microbiology

Predominance and high diversity of genes associated to denitrification in metagenomes of subantarctic coastal sediments exposed to urban pollution – Priscila A. Calderoli – PLOS ONE

Gene probing reveals the widespread distribution, diversity and abundance of isoprene-degrading bacteria in the environment – Ornella Carrión – Microbiome

Rock substrate rather than black stain alterations drives microbial community structure in the passage of Lascaux Cave – Lise Alonso – Micrtobiome

Deep-sea anthropogenic macrodebris harbours rich and diverse communities of bacteria and archaea – Lucy C. Woodall – PLOS ONE

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