June 25, 2018

Today’s Microbiome Digest features the sea turtle microbiome, the bacteria responsible for degrading bioplastics, a new clinical center for phage therapy, the gut-microbiome-brain axis in an Alzheimer’s Disease model, and a preprint about image duplication in scientific publishing.

Pregnancy and early life

Late-onset Sepsis in Preterm Infants Can Be Detected Preclinically by Fecal Volatile Organic Compound Analysis: A Prospective, Multicenter Cohort Study. – Daniel J C Berkhout- Clinical Infectious Diseases

Human vaginal microbiome

Abnormal vaginal microbioma is associated with severity of localized provoked vulvodynia. Role of aerobic vaginitis and Candida in the pathogenesis of vulvodynia. – Gilbert G. G. Donders- European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases

Human gut microbiome

* Gut microbiota regulates maturation of the adult enteric nervous system via enteric serotonin networks – Filipe De Vadder – PNAS

Linking the Gut Microbiota to a Brain Neurotransmitter – Kelly G. Jameson – Trends in Neurosciences

Can epilepsy be treated by antibiotics? – Hilde M. H. Braakman – Journal of Neurology

* Changes in intestinal microbiota in HIV-1-infected subjects following cART initiation: influence of CD4+ T cell count – Yongjia Ji – Emerging Microbes & Infections

Review: Human gut microbiome: hopes, threats and promises – Patrice D Cani – Gut

Review: New treatments and therapeutic targets for IBS and other functional bowel disorders – Magnus Simrén – Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Animal experiments

Effects of chronic noise exposure on the microbiome-gut-brain axis in senescence-accelerated prone mice: implications for Alzheimer’s disease – Bo Cui – Journal of Neuroinflammation

Bacterial methionine metabolism genes influence Drosophila melanogaster starvation resistance – Alec M. Judd – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

The benign helminth Hymenolepis diminuta ameliorates chemically induced colitis in a rat model system – Kateřina Jirků Pomajbíková – Parasitology

Protective role of commensal bacteria in Sjögren Syndrome – Mahira Zaheer – Journal of Autoimmunity

Lactobacillus murinus HF12 colonizes neonatal gut and protects rats from necrotizing enterocolitis. – Mubina Isani – PLOS One

Animal microbiome

Identification of bacteria present in ulcerative stomatitis lesions of captive sea turtles Chelonia mydas – D. X. Vega-Manriquez – Veterinary Research Communications

Characterization of the Microbiota of Oyster Larvae (Crassostrea virginica) and Tank Water from an Aquaculture System with High and Low Larval Survival Rates – Padmini Ramachandran – Genome Announcements

Early colonisation and temporal dynamics of the gut microbial ecosystem in Standardbred foals – S. Quercia – Equine Veterinary Journal

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Microbial communities responsible for the degradation of poly(lactic acid)/poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) blend mulches in soil burial respirometric tests – Lenka Jeszeová – World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Phylogenetic diversity and investigation of plant growth-promoting traits of actinobacteria in coastal salt marsh plant rhizospheres from Jiangsu, China – Yuan Gong – Systematic and Applied Microbiology

Dynamics of soil microbial recovery from cropland to orchard along a 20-year chronosequence in a degraded karst ecosystem. – Hongkai Liao – Science of The Total Environment

Investigation of viable taxa in the deep terrestrial biosphere suggests high rates of nutrient recycling. – Margarita Lopez-Fernandez – FEMS Microbial Ecology

Distinct impacts of reductive soil disinfestation and chemical soil disinfestation on soil fungal communities and memberships. – Jun Zhao – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

* Dispersal-competition tradeoff in microbiomes in the quest for land colonization – Francisco Dini-Andreote – Scientific Reports

Water and extremophile microbiome

Linking patterns of net community production and marine microbial community structure in the western North Atlantic. – Seaver Wang – The ISME Journal

Probiotics/Prebiotics

Composition and metabolism of fecal microbiota from normal and overweight children are differentially affected by melibiose, raffinose and raffinose-derived fructans. – Kaarel Adamberg – Anaerobe

Review: Nutraceuticals in Colorectal Cancer: A Mechanistic Approach – Marco Rossi – European Journal of Pharmacology

Science, publishing, and career

* Analysis and Correction of Inappropriate Image Duplication: The Molecular and Cellular Biology Experience – Arturo Casadevall – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

U.S. center will fight infections with viruses – Kelly Servick – Science

Alyson’s non-microbiology pick

Neanderthal brain organoids come to life – Jon Cohen – Science

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