February 11, 2018

General microbiome

How the microbiome challenges our concept of self – Tobias Rees, PloS Biology

Human gut microbiome

Inflammatory bowel disease and Clostridium difficile infection: contrasting views of international clinical professionals – Andreas Stallmach, Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie

Digestibility of sulfated polysaccharide from the brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum and its effect on the human gut microbiota in vitro – Ligen Chen, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules

Microbiome-based mechanisms hypothesized to initiate obesity-associated rheumatoid arthritis – Y. Luo, Obesity Reviews

Tissue macrophages as mediators of a healthy relationship with gut commensal microbiota – Brenda Naemi Nakagaki, Cellular Immunology

Fecal microbiota transplantation for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection in a patient with ulcerative colitis – Kosaku Nanki, Intestinal Research

Efficacy and safety of the adalimumab biosimilar Exemptia as induction therapy in moderate-to-severe ulcerative colitis – Vandana Midha, Intestinal Research

Sensing Bacterial-Induced DNA Damaging Effects via Natural Killer Group 2 Member D Immune Receptor: From Dysbiosis to Autoimmunity and Carcinogenesis – J. Luis Espinoza, Frontiers in Immunology

Environmental Exposures and Neuropsychiatric Disorders: What Role Does the Gut–Immune–Brain Axis Play? – Shannon Delaney, Current Environmental Health Reports

Human nearly-sterile sites

Identification and Characterization of Blood and Neutrophil-Associated Microbiomes in Patients with Severe Acute Pancreatitis Using Next-Generation Sequencing – Qiurong Li, Frontiers in Cellular and Infectious Microbiology

Animal experiments

Effects of levan-type fructan on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, diarrhoea scores, faecal shedding of total lactic acid bacteria and coliform bacteria, and faecal gas emission in weaning pigs – Xin Jian Lei, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

Dietary proline supplementation alters colonic luminal microbiota and bacterial metabolite composition between days 45 and 70 of pregnancy in Huanjiang mini-pigs – Yujiao Ji, Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology

Effects of the Artificial Sweetener Neotame on the Gut Microbiome and Fecal Metabolites in Mice – Liang Chi, Molecules

Animal microbiomes

Functional Transcripts Indicate Phylogenetically Diverse Active Ammonia-Scavenging Microbiota in Sympatric Sponges – Guofang Feng, Marine Biotechnology

Community structure, dispersal ability and functional profiling of microbiome existing in fat body and ovary of the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens – Jian-Hua Zhang, Insect Science

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Influence of biochar aged in acidic soil on ecosystem engineers and two tropical agricultural plants – Ihuoma N. Anyanwu, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Community Composition and Transcriptional Activity of Ammonia-Oxidizing Prokaryotes of Seagrass Thalassia hemprichii in Coral Reef Ecosystems –  Juan Ling, Frontiers in Microbiology

Dibutyl phthalate alters the metabolic pathways of microbes in black soils – Weihui Xu, Scientific Reports

Native soils with their microbiotas elicit a state of alert in tomato plants – Matteo Chialva, New Phytologist

Water and extremophile microbiome

A probabilistic approach to assess antibiotic resistance development risks in environmental compartments and its application to an intensive aquaculture production scenario – Andreu Rico, Environmental Pollution

Diversity patterns and isolation of Planctomycetes associated with metalliferous deposits from hydrothermal vent fields along the Valu Fa Ridge (SW Pacific) – Julia Endresen Storesund, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Enhancing methane production from lignocellulosic biomass by combined steam-explosion pretreatment and bioaugmentation with cellulolytic bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor bescii – Daniel Girma Mulat, Biotechnology for Biofuels

Microbial ecology

Kinetic analysis of a complete nitrifier reveals an oligotrophic lifestyle – K. Dimitri Kits, Nature Letters

Microbes in the news

Safety blunders expose lab staff to potentially lethal diseases in UK – The Guardian

This UV Lamp Could Prevent the Flu Virus From Spreading in Public Places –  Amanda Macmillan, Time

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