January 16, 2017

Environmental pollutants have become an increasingly common health hazard. The possible effects of environmental pollutants on gut microbiota and their subsequent effects on health is discussed in highlighted review.

Pregnancy and early life

Antibiotics in Pregnancy Increase Children’s Risk of Otitis Media and Ventilation Tubes – Tine Marie Pedersen – The journal of Pediatrics

Human skin microbiome

Insights into the mast cell–microbiome connection in the skin – Alon Y. Hershko – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Microbiota fingerprints lose individually identifying features over time – David Wilkins – Microbiome

Human vaginal microbiome

Association between preterm labor and genitourinary tract infections caused by Trichomonas vaginalis, Mycoplasma hominis, Gram-negative bacilli, and coryneforms – Alaa El-Dien M.S. Hosny – Journal of the Chinese Medical Association

The Vaginal Microbiota and Urinary Tract Infection – Ann E. Stapleton – Microbiol Spectrum

Human nearly-sterile sites 

Metabolic profiles of exudates from chronic leg ulcerations – Adam Junka – Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis

Human oral microbiome

Review: Ecology of the Oral Microbiome: Beyond Bacteria – Jonathon L. Baker – Trends in Microbiology

On-going Mechanical Damage from Mastication Drives Homeostatic Th17 Cell Responses at the Oral Barrier – Nicolas Dutzan – Immunity

Salivary Gluten Degradation and Oral Microbial Profiles in Health and Celiac Disease – Na Tian  – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Expert review: Management of Clostridium difficile Infection in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Expert Review from the Clinical Practice Updates Committee of the AGA Institute – Sahil Khanna – Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Review: Effects of environmental pollutants on gut microbiota – Yuanxiang Jin – Environmental Pollution

Impact of dietary pattern of the fecal donor on in vitro fermentation properties of whole grains and brans – Sandrayee Brahma – Journal of Functional Foods

Review: The role of the gut microbiota in sepsis – Bastiaan W Haak – The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Gut microbiota interactions with the immunomodulatory role of vitamin D in normal individuals – Renata V. Luthold – Metabolism

Angelakisella massiliensis” gen. nov., sp. nov., a new bacterial species isolated from human ileum – Morgane Mailhe – New Microbes and New Infections

Helicobacter pylori–related metabolic syndrome as predictor of progression to esophageal carcinoma in a subpopulation-based Barrett’s esophagus cohort – Jannis Kountouras – Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

Impact of dietary pattern of the fecal donor on in vitro fermentation properties of whole grains and brans – Sandrayee Brahma – Journal of Functional Foods

Absence of intestinal microbiota increases ß-cyclodextrin stimulated reverse cholesterol transport – Rima H. Mistry – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

European consensus conference on faecal microbiota transplantation in clinical practice – Giovanni Cammarota – Gut
Animal experiments

Gd-DTPA-induced dynamic metabonomic changes in rat biofluids – Chuanling Wan – Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Increasing dietary nitrate has no effect on cancellous bone loss or fecal microbiome in ovariectomized rats – Melissa N. Conley – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

Animal microbiome

Improved growth rate and disease resistance in olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus, by probiotic Lactococcus lactis WFLU12 isolated from wild marine fish – Thanh Luan Nguyen – Aquaculture

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

The effects of tree species and substrate on carbon sequestration and chemical and biological properties in reforested post-mining soils – Agnieszka Józefowska – Geoderma

Impacts of inorganic and organic fertilization treatments on bacterial and fungal communities in a paddy soil – Jichen Wang – Applied Soil Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Effects of the halophilic fungi Cladosporium sphaerospermum, Wallemia sebi, Aureobasidium pullulans and Aspergillus nidulans on halite formed on sandstone surface – Maisa M.A. Mansour – International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation

Epiphytic Planctomycetes communities associated with three main groups of macroalgae – Joana Bondoso – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Floc formation reduces the pH stress experienced by microorganisms living in alkaline environments -C.J. Charles – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Capturing compositional variation in denitrifying communities: A multiple primer approach that includes autotrophic denitrifying Epsilonproteobacteria – S.A. Murdock  – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Waste and pollution microbiology

Review: Aerobic and anaerobic fungal metabolism and Omics insights for increasing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons biodegradation – Sevcan Aydin – Fungal Biology Reviews

Built environment 

Biological invasion in the indoor environment: the spread of Eurotium halophilicum on library materials – Andrea Polo – International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation

Review: Integrated management of the risks of stored grain spoilage by seedborne fungi and contamination by storage mould mycotoxins – An update – Francis Fleurat-Lessard – Journal of Stored Products Research

Food microbiology

Impact of environmental conditions and process modifications on microbial diversity, fermentation efficiency and chemical profile during the fermentation of mezcal in Oaxaca – Manuel R. Kirchmayr – LWT – Food Science and Technology

Anti-aging and redox state regulation effects of A-type proanthocyanidins-rich cranberry concentrate and its comparison with grape seed extract in mice – Jingjing Jiao – Journal of Functional Foods

Probiotics / prebiotics

Probiotic mixture improves fatty liver disease by virtue of its action on lipid profiles, leptin, and inflammatory biomarkers – Hessah Mohammed Al-muzafar – BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

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