December 30, 2016

Vancomycin treatment preceding fecal transplantation, a diet for IBD, dieting and gut microbiome diversity, halotolerant extremophiles for recycling pollutants, mass spectrometry on medical swabs.

Human vaginal microbiome

Genital injury signatures and microbiome alterations associated with depot medroxyprogesterone acetate usage and intravaginal drying practices – Kenzie D. Birse – The Journal of Infectious Diseases

Human gut microbiome

Oral Vancomycin Followed by Fecal Transplantation Versus Tapering Oral Vancomycin Treatment for Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection: An Open-Label, Randomized Controlled Trial – Susy S. Hota – Clinical Infectious Diseases

Fecal Fixation: Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Clostridium difficile Infection – Stuart Johnson – Clinical Infectious Diseases

SCD diet: Clinical and Fecal Microbial Changes With Diet Therapy in Active Inflammatory Bowel Disease – David L. Suskind – Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology

Press: Changes With Diet Therapy in Active Inflammatory Bowel Disease – Science Daily

Review: From bugs to brains: The microbiome in neurological health – Kyla A. McKay – Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders

Animal experiments

Prior Dietary Practices and Connections to a Human Gut Microbial Metacommunity Alter Responses to Diet Interventions – Nicholas W. Griffin – Cell Host & Microbe

Press: Your Crappy American Diet Might Leave Your Gut Bacteria Stunted – Ryan F. Mandelbaum – Gizmodo
Your microbiota’s previous dining experiences may make new diets less effective – EurekAlert

Intestinal Serotonin Transporter Inhibition by Toll-Like Receptor 2 Activation. A Feedback Modulation – Eva Latorre – PLOS ONE

Press: Gut microorganisms affect our physiology – EurekAlert

Alterations in the gut microbiota can elicit hypertension in rats – Sareema Adnan – Physiological Genomics

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Impact of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria on root colonization potential and life cycle of Rhizophagus irregularis following co-entrapment into alginate beads -P. Loján – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Review: Soil Bacteria Alter Plant Physiology to Mitigate Salinity Stress Effects in Glycophytes – Ramalingam Radhakrishnan – Frontiers in Plant Science

Presentation abstract: Soil microbial community structures and activities in relation to nitrogen cycling in two contrasting soils in Malawi – community responses to added carbon – Akane Chiba – International Nitrogen Initiative

Waste and pollution microbiology

Pyrosequencing reveals microbial community dynamics in integrated simultaneous desulfurization and denitrification process at different influent nitrate concentrations
– Chuan Chen – Chemosphere

Microbiological water quality in the medical device industry in Italy – Emilio D’Ugo – Microchemical Journal

Halotolerant extremophile bacteria from the Great Salt Lake for recycling pollutants in microbial fuel cells – Matteo Grattieri – Journal of Power Sciences

Functionality of microbial communities in constructed wetlands used for pesticide remediation: Influence of system design and sampling strategy – Tao Lv – Water Research

Metagenomic Characteristics of Bacterial Response to Petroleum Hydrocarbon Contamination in Diverse Environments as Revealed by Functional Taxonomic Strategies – Arghya Mukherjee – bioRxiv

Food microbiology

Saccharomyces uvarum is Responsible for the Traditional Fermentation of Apple CHICHA in Patagonia – ME Rodríguez – FEMS Yeast Research


Medical swab analysis using desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (DESI-MS) – a non-invasive approach for mucosal diagnostics – Pamela Pruski – Analytical Chemistry

Coping with inevitable accidents in metabolism – Antoine Danchin – Microbial Biotechnology


Examining the potential use and long-term stability of guaiac faecal occult blood test cards for microbial DNA 16S rRNA sequencing – Morag Taylor – Journal of Clinical Pathology

Microbes in the news

Short podcast: Academic Minute – Diversifying Your Microbiome. Jack Gilbert details how the sharing of bacteria from person to person could make us healthier in the long run. – Inside Higher Ed

Ancient ‘Eternal Life’ bacteria leaves Russian scientist ‘Illness-Free’ – Harry Walker – Express

Bacteria evolution offers insights into human protein interactions – Brooks Hays – UPI

High school students discover new phages: Genomics research gives youth a leg up on education – Tonya S. Grace – Kentucky New Era

Fermentation expert Sandor Katz on why we shouldn’t fear bacteria – Andrew Sun – SCMP

Novel diet therapy helps children with crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis reach remission – Science Daily

Prebiotics for your skin: The La Roche-Posay Toleriane Double Repair Moisturizer Could Be the Secret to Better Skin – Sarah Kinonen – Allure


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