November 21, 2016

Why is the human vaginal microbiome unique, multiple sclerosis, fiber-deprived gut microbes eating mucus, vertical structure of the phyllospere, cave microbiome, resistome.

Pregnancy and early life

Associations between changes in the maternal gut microbiome and differentially methylated regions of diabetes-associated genes in fetuses: A pilot study from a birth cohort study – Kaori Tachibana – Journal of Diabetes Investigation

Human vaginal microbiome

Lactobacilli Dominance and Vaginal pH: Why is the Human Vaginal Microbiome Unique? – Elizabeth A. Miller – Frontiers in Microbiology

Human gut microbiome

Prevalence of Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth in Multiple Sclerosis: a Case-Control Study from China – Yongbo Zhang – Journal of Neuroimmunology

MyNewGut: Insulin resistance as key factor for linking modulation of gut microbiome to health claims and dietary recommendations to tackle obesity – Stoffer Loman -Trends in Food Science & Technology

Review: The Multibiome: The Intestinal Ecosystem’s Influence on Immune Homeostasis, Health, and Disease – Heather A Filyk – EBioMedicine

Review: Microbiome and nutrition in autism spectrum disorder: current knowledge and research needs – Kirsten Berding – Nutrition Reviews

Review: Th Role of Short-Chain Fatty Acids in Kidney Injury Induced by Gut-derived Inflammatory Response – Wei Huang – Metabolism

Review: Role of Gastrointestinal Microbiota on Kidney Injury and the Obese Condition – Keerati Wanchai – The American Journal of the Medical Sciences

Animal and in vitro experiments

A Dietary Fiber-Deprived Gut Microbiota Degrades the Colonic Mucus Barrier and Enhances Pathogen Susceptibility – Mahesh S. Desai – Cell
Editorial: Veggies and Intact Grains a Day Keep the Pathogens Away – Francesca S. Gazzaniga – Cell
Press: High-fiber diet keeps gut microbes from eating the colon’s lining, protects against infection, animal study shows – Science Daily

Coevolutionary dynamics between a defensive microbe and a pathogen driven by fluctuating selection – Suzanne A. Ford – Molecular Ecology

Gut microbiota in Drosophila melanogaster interacts with Wolbachia but does not contribute to Wolbachia-mediated antiviral protection – Yixin H. Ye – Journal of Invertebrate Pathology

Modulation of the cytokine profile in Caco-2 cells by faecal lactobacilli and bifidobacteria from individuals with distinct dietary habits – Diomira Luongo – Cytokine

An Alteration in the Cecal Microbiota Composition by Feeding of 1-Kestose Results in a Marked Increase in the Cecal Butyrate Content in Rats – Takumi Tochio – PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Proteome data on the microbial microbiome of grasshopper feces – Nico Jehmlich – Data in Brief

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Vertical Structure of Phyllosphere Fungal Communities in a Tropical Forest in Thailand Uncovered by High-Throughput Sequencing – Ayako Izuno – PLOS ONE

Root nodule symbiosis in Lotus japonicus drives the establishment of distinctive rhizosphere, root, and nodule bacterial communities – Rafal Zgadzaj – PNAS

Press: Nitrogen-fixing symbiosis is crucial for legume plant microbiome assembly – EurekAlert

Influence of salt tolerant Trichoderma spp. on growth of maize (Zea mays) under different salinity conditions – Krishna Kumar – Journal of Basic Microbiology

Review: Recent changes to the classification of symbiotic, nitrogen-fixing, legume-associating bacteria: a review – Abdelaal Shamseldin – Symbiosis

Review: Forest microbiome: diversity, complexity and dynamics – Petr Baldrian – FEMS Microbiology Reviews

Review: The cave microbiome as a source for drug discovery: reality or pipe dream? – Soumya Ghosh – Biochemical Pharmacology

Extremophile microbiome

Opinion: Colonization of Black Smokers by Hyperthermophilic Microorganisms – Reinhard Wirth – Trends in Microbiology

Food microbiology

Biofilms formed by microbiota recovered from fresh produce: Bacterial biodiversity, and inactivation by benzalkonium chloride and enterocin AS-48 – Mª José Grande Burgos – LWT – Food Science and Technology

Metabolomics

Comparative in silico analysis of butyrate production pathways in gut commensals and pathogens – Swadha Anand – Frontiers in Microbiology

Resistome

Prevalence of antibiotic resistance genes among human gut-derived bifidobacteria – Sabrina Duranti – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Review: Genomic and metagenomic technologies to explore the antibiotic resistance mobilome
– José L. Martínez – Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Microbes in the news

I got my gut sequenced – and found out I need to go to the dentist – Liam Mannix – Sydney Morning Herald

Bighorn sheep transfer OK’d despite concerns about disease – Brett French – Missoulian
http://missoulian.com/news/state-and-regional/bighorn-sheep-transfer-ok-d-despite-

High-Fat Diets Alter Gut Microbiota, Leading to Increased Choroidal Neovascularization – Dava Stewart – HCP Live

Student scientists engineer bacteria to break down plastic, hope to help clean Baltimore harbor – Scott Dance – The Baltimore Sun

Soil bacteria helps protect rice plants from arsenic and fungus. ‘Cocktail’ of soil bacteria can protect rice plants from deadly forces – Science Daily
Bacteria Might Be Able To Help Rice Affected By Fungus – Rodney Rafols – iTechPost

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