November 16, 2016

Infants with and without colic, supplementing adults with breastmilk sugars, honey bee viruses, and forensic metabolomics of cell phones.

Pregnancy and early life

Comparison of formula-fed infants with and without colic revealed significant differences in total bacteria, Enterobacteriaceae and faecal ammonia – Francesco Savino – Acta Pediatrica

Human gut microbiome

Bacterially-Associated Transcriptional Remodelling in a Distinct Genomic Subtype of Colorectal Cancer Provides a Plausible Molecular Basis for Disease Development – Katie S. Lennard – PLOS ONE

Oral supplementation of healthy adults with 2′-O-fucosyllactose and lacto-N-neotetraose is well tolerated and shifts the intestinal microbiota – Emma Elison – British Journal of Nutrition

News: Effects of Human Milk Oligosaccharides Supplementation on Adult Gut Microbiota – Hummer Aslam – Medical News Bulletin

Gut microbiota influences pathological angiogenesis in obesity-driven choroidal neovascularization – Elisabeth MMA Andriessen – EMBO Molecular Medicine

Gut flora connects obesity with pathological angiogenesis in the eye – Rebecca Scholz – EMBO Molecular Medicine

Animal microbiome

Ontogenetic Characterization of the Intestinal Microbiota of Channel Catfish through 16S rRNA Gene Sequencing Reveals Insights on Temporal Shifts and the Influence of Environmental Microbes – Jacob W. Bledsoe – PLOS ONE

Year-Long Monitoring of Physico-Chemical and Biological Variables Provide a Comparative Baseline of Coral Reef Functioning in the Central Red Sea – Anna Roik – PLOS ONE

Honey Bee Viruses in Wild Bees: Viral Prevalence, Loads, and Experimental Inoculation – Adam G. Dolezal – PLOS ONE

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Microbiome engineers: Grazers, browsers, and the phytobiome stampede – Karen A Garrett – BioRxiv

Fine-scale spatial distribution of orchid mycorrhizal fungi in the soil of host-rich grasslands` – Samuele Voyron – New Phytologist

Water and extremophile microbiome

Shifting microbial communities sustain multi-year iron reduction and methanogenesis in ferruginous sediment incubations – Marcus S Bray – bioRxiv

Ordination obscures the influence of environment on plankton metacommunity structure – Tad A. Dallas – Limnology and Oceanography Letters

Metabolomics

Lifestyle chemistries from phones for individual profiling – Amina Bouslimani – PNAS

Cellphone Smudges Yield a Trove of Forensic Data. Researchers say molecules and microbes left on phone, keys, credit cards can linger for months – Wall Street Journal
Chemical traces on your phone reveal your lifestyle, scientists say – The Guardian
Cellphone crud could help I.D. crime victims – Gary Robbins – San Diego Union Tribune
The Grime on Your Smartphone Can Reveal Your Secrets – Christopher Wanjek – Live Science

Effects of Liver Resection on Hepatic Short-Chain Fatty Acid Metabolism in Humans – Evelien P. J. G. Neis – PLOS ONE

Microbes in the news

Biologists give bacteria thermostat controls – Whitney Clavin – Phys.org

Yes, your beer pong cup is teeming with bacteria – Alexandra Ossola – Popular Science

Scientists discover important link between immune system, gut bacteria and glucose metabolism – News Medical

Immune system uses gut bacteria to control glucose metabolism – Oregon State

Bacteria turn trees into pollution-eating machines – Anthony King – Horizon

From the 2016 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress: The Future of Cancer Drugs: RNA Therapies, Bacteria, and Viruses – Kate M. O’Rourke – Medscape

Bile duct bacteria pose cancer risk – Biotech in Asia

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