July 12, 2016

Two papers on plant/root/soil microbiomes of interest, analysis of transcriptional regulatory networks, and too much non-prescription antibiotic use  in the US.

Human vaginal microbiome

Review: Bacterial vaginosis: a critical analysis of current knowledge – D Nasioudis – BJOG

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiome analysis in neuromyelitis optica reveals over-abundance of Clostridium perfringens – Bruce A.C. Cree – Annals of Neurology

Review: Gut Microbiota and Intestinal Decolonization of Pathogenic Microorganisms – De-Chang Chen – Chinese Medical Journal

Animal experiments

Human Gut-Derived Prevotella histicola Suppresses Inflammatory Arthritis in Humanized Mice – Eric V. Marietta – Arthritis & Rheumatology

Press: Gut bacteria can cause, predict and prevent rheumatoid arthritis – Science Daily

Gastric Bypass Surgery Reverses Diabetic Phenotypes in Bdnf-Deficient Mice – Shujun Jiang – American Journal of Pathology

Press: New study suggests potential role for gut microbiota in diabetes remission after bypass surgery – News Medical

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Host genotype and age shape the leaf and root microbiomes of a wild perennial plant – Maggie R. Wagner – Nature Communications

Press: Breeding plants with more beneficial bacteria to feed the world won’t be simple, study says – Robin A. Smith – Phys.org

Soil inoculation steers restoration of terrestrial ecosystems – E. R. Jasper Wubs – Nature Plants

Soil microbes transplants could help restore damaged ecosystems – The dirt makes all the difference – Meaghan Lee Callaghan – PopSci

Combined Flux Chamber and Genomics Approach Links Nitrous Acid Emissions to Ammonia Oxidizing Bacteria and Archaea in Urban and Agricultural Soil – Nicole K. Scharko – Environmental Science & Technology

Opinion: Plant microbiota affects seed transmission of phytopathogenic microorganisms – Matthieu Barret – Molecular Plant Pathology

Metagenomics and bioinformatics

A Bayesian inference method for the analysis of transcriptional regulatory networks in metagenomic data – Elizabeth T. Hobbs – Algorithms for Molecular Biology

Metagenome and Metatranscriptome Analyses Using Protein Family Profiles – Cuncong Zhong – PLOS Computational Biology

Machine Learning Meta-analysis of Large Metagenomic Datasets: Tools and Biological Insights – Edoardo Pasolli – PLOS Computational Biology

Review: Metagenome-wide association studies: fine-mining the microbiome – Jun Wang – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Proteomics

An alignment-free ‘metapeptide’ strategy for metaproteomic characterization of microbiome samples using shotgun metagenomic sequencing – Damon H. May – Journal of Proteome Research

Bioreactor microbiology

A light-induced shortcut in the planktonic microbial loop – Robert Ptacnik – Scientific Reports

More microbiology

Non-prescription antimicrobial use in a primary care population in the United States: evidence for action – Roger Zoorob – Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

Press: Self-prescribing antibiotics is a big problem – American Society for Microbiology – EurekAlert

Transfer of DNA from Bacteria to Eukaryotes – Benoît Lacroix – mBio

Origins of pandemic clones from environmental gene pools – B. Jesse Shapiro – bioRxiv

UTSA professor’s study describes new strategies for investigating microbial outbreaks – EurekAlert

Microbes in the news

Railroad spanning Great Salt Lake helps MSU scientists understand origins of reef-like structures – Skip Anderson – Montana State University

The colon is defended from bacteria by a self-sacrificing sentinel cell – EurekAlert

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