July 2, 2016

Colonic transit time, innovations in artificial gut systems, and how the majority of the human gut microbiome members can be cultured.

Human respiratory microbiome

Nasopharyngeal microbiota composition of children is related to the frequency of upper respiratory infection and acute sinusitis – Clark A. Santee – Microbiome

Metagenomics Study of Viral Pathogens in Undiagnosed Respiratory Specimens
and Identification of Human Enteroviruses at a Thailand Hospital – Yanfei Zhou – American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Review: The respiratory microbiome of HIV-infected individuals – MB Lawani – Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy

Review: A tale of two sites: how inflammation can reshape the microbiomes of the gut and lungs – Brittan S. Scales – Journal of Leukocyte Biology

Human gut microbiome

Colonic transit time is related to bacterial metabolism and mucosal turnover in the gut – Henrik M. Roager – Nature Microbiology

Behind the paper: How we got captivated by colonic transit time – Henrik Munch Roager – Nature Microbiology Community

Datafying microbes: Malnutrition at the intersection of genomics and global health – Amber Benezra – BioSocieties

Several reviews in the July issue of Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology:
The interplay between the microbiome and the adaptive immune response in cancer development – Edda Russo
The intestinal microbiome, barrier function, and immune system in inflammatory bowel disease: a tripartite pathophysiological circuit with implications for new therapeutic directions – Stephen M. Vindigni
Role of the gut microbiota in health and chronic gastrointestinal disease: understanding a hidden metabolic organ – Caitriona M. Guinane
Novel perspectives on therapeutic modulation of the gut microbiota – Justin L. McCarville

Review: The Brain-Body-Microbial Communities: A Crosstalk and Stress Exchange
Beyond the “Gut hypothesis” – Afifi Ma – Abnormal and Behavioural Psychology

Review: The Role of the Microbial Metabolites Including Tryptophan Catabolites and Short Chain Fatty Acids in the Pathophysiology of Immune-Inflammatory and Neuroimmune Disease – Gerwyn Morris – Molecular Neurobiology

Animal experiments

Relationship between the microbiota in different sections of the gastrointestinal tract, and the body weight of broiler chickens – Geon Goo Han – Springer Plus

The upper respiratory tract microbiome and its potential role in bovine respiratory disease and otitis media – Svetlana F. Lima – Scientific Reports

Review: Farewell to Animal Testing: Innovations on Human Intestinal Microphysiological Systems – Tae Hyun Kang – Micromachines

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Effects of Short-Term Warming and Altered Precipitation on Soil Microbial Communities in Alpine Grassland of the Tibetan Plateau – Kaoping Zhang – Frontiers in Microbiology

Bacterial diversity in the rhizosphere of two phylogenetically closely related plant species across environmental gradients – Xiaofan Na – Journal of Soils and Sediments

Soil microbial communities of three major Chinese truffles in Southwest China – Yu Fu – Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Review: Ecology of nitrogen fixing, nitrifying and denitrifying microorganisms in tropical forest soils – Silvia Pajares – Frontiers in Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Metagenomic analysis of microbial community of an Amazonian geothermal spring in Peru – Sujay Paul – Genomics Data

Characterization of microbial mat microbiomes in the modern thrombolite ecosystem of Lake Clifton, Western Australia using shotgun metagenomics – John G. Warden – Frontiers in Microbiology

Built environment microbiome

Microbes in the Water Infrastructure: Underpinning Our Society – Takashi Narihiro – Microbes and Environments

Techniques / Metabolomics

Capturing the diversity of the human gut microbiota through culture-enriched molecular profiling – Jennifer T. Lau – Genome Medicine

A Microbiome DNA Enrichment Method for Next-Generation Sequencing Sample Preparation – Erbay Yigit – Current Protocols in Molecular Biology

Sample preparation optimization in fecal metabolic profiling – Olga Deda – Journal of Chromatography B

Viruses and phages

Survival studies of a temperate and lytic bacteriophage in bovine faeces and slurry – Sepo Nyambe – Journal of Applied Microbiology

Microbes in the news

Conference reportMachine Learning Method Differentiates Between Healthy Male, Female Microbiomes: Topological Data Analysis – UC San Diego

A New Role for Marine Archaea. Researchers discover acetogenesis in archaea, suggesting an important role for these little-studied organisms in generating organic carbon below the seafloor – Catherine Offord – The Scientist

Stop worrying about GMOs; it’s that organic granola bar that could make you sick: Listeria – Henry I. Miller – LA Times

USM marine microbiologist Jay Grimes weighs in on vibrio vulnificus – WDAM

Chesterfield Royal scientists send ripples around the NHS – Andy Done-Johnson – Derbyshire Times

Efficiency in the pathology labFriend or Foe; the probiotic power of helminths can prevent Crohn’s Disease – Anouk Gouvras – BioMedCentral blog

Supplement may switch off cravings for high-calorie foods – Stephen Feller – UPI
Cravings for high-calorie foods may be switched off by new food supplement – Kate Wighton – Imperial College London

Science, publishing, and career

“He Thinks He’s Untouchable”: Michael Katze, famous for his studies of Ebola and the flu, ran a lab at the University of Washington where intoxication and sexual harassment went unchecked – Azeen Ghorayshi – Buzzfeed


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