Non-human microbiome, June 25

Mongolian Gerbils, soil microbiome affects plant flowering time, soybeans, and seawater viruses.

Mammalian microbiome

Screen shot 2014-06-25 at 01.26PM, Jun 25Helicobacter pylori Induced Gastric Immunopathology Is Associated with Distinct Microbiota Changes in the Large Intestines of Long-Term Infected Mongolian Gerbils – Markus M. Heimesaat – PLOS ONE

“Comprehensive cultural analyses revealed that severe gastric diseases such as atrophic pangastritis and precancerous transformations were accompanied by elevated luminal loads of E. coli and enterococci in the caecum and together with Bacteroides/Prevotella spp. in the colon of H. pylori WT, but not MUT infected gerbils as compared to naïve animals. “

Plant microbiome

Screen shot 2014-06-25 at 01.27PM, Jun 25Changes in the Bacterial Community of Soybean Rhizospheres during Growth in the Field – Akifumi Sugiyama – PLOS ONE

“Pyrosequencing analysis revealed that differences between the bacterial communities of rhizosphere and bulk soils at the phylum level; i.e., Proteobacteria were increased, while Acidobacteria and Firmicutes were decreased in rhizosphere soil during growth. “

Screen shot 2014-06-25 at 06.41PM, Jun 25Natural soil microbes alter flowering phenology and the intensity of selection on flowering time in a wild Arabidopsis relative – Maggie R. Wagner – Ecology Letters

Here, we tested separately the effects of four naturally occurring soil microbiomes and their constituent soil chemistries on flowering phenology and reproductive fitness of Boechera stricta, a wild relative of Arabidopsis. “

Water microbiology

Screen shot 2014-06-25 at 01.27PM, Jun 25 1Anthropogenic Litter in Urban Freshwater Ecosystems: Distribution and Microbial Interactions – Timothy Hoellein – PLOS ONE

“To assess microbial interactions with AL, we incubated AL and natural substrates in 3 freshwater ecosystems, quantified biofilm metabolism as gross primary production (GPP) and community respiration (CR), and characterized biofilm bacterial community composition via high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA genes.”

Screen shot 2014-06-25 at 01.28PM, Jun 25Comparison of Deep-Water Viromes from the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea – Christian Winter – PLOS ONE

“The identifiable richness and relative abundance in both viromes were dominated by archaeal and bacterial viruses accounting for 92.3% of the relative abundance in the Atlantic Ocean and for 83.6% in the Mediterranean Sea. “

Screen shot 2014-06-25 at 01.28PM, Jun 25 1The Marine Microbial Eukaryote Transcriptome Sequencing Project (MMETSP): Illuminating the Functional Diversity of Eukaryotic Life in the Oceans through Transcriptome Sequencing – Patrick J. Keeling – PLOS Biology

“The MMETSP relies primarily on cultured organisms, and this introduces a different set of biases, most obviously, favoring organisms that are photosynthetic. “

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