June 25, 2022

Highlights!

Microbiome-associated human genetic variants impact phenome-wide disease risk – Robert H George Markowitz – PNASIn this paper, the use of an integrative framework of case-control studies and extensive health records, authors could find associations between microbiome-associated variants (MAVs) and different phenotypes associated with human diseases.

Functional changes of the gastric bypass microbiota reactivate thermogenic adipose tissue and systemic glucose control via intestinal FXR-TGR5 crosstalk in diet-induced obesity – Julia Münzker – Microbiome This study presents evidence for the role of the gut microbiome in the weight loss and metabolic success of gastric bypass surgery. The increment of taurine-conjugated bile acid species can activate systemic TGR5 signaling to stimulate adaptive thermogenesis, with consequences on the host metabolism.

Human and General Microbiome

Human gut microbiota composition and its predicted functional properties in people with western and healthy dietary patterns – Anna M Malinowska – European Journal of Nutrition

Identification and Characterization of Major Bile Acid 7α-Dehydroxylating Bacteria in the Human Gut – Kyung Hyun Kim – mSystems

Characteristics and interplay of esophageal microbiota in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma – Zheng Lin – BMC Cancer

Interactions among the mycobiome, bacteriome, inflammation, and diet in people living with HIV – María José Gosalbes – Gut Microbes

Disentangling the relationship of gut microbiota, functional gastrointestinal disorders and autism: a case-control study on prepubertal Chinese boys – Oscar W H Wong – Scientific Reports

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

Dietary supplementation with biogenic selenium nanoparticles alleviate oxidative stress-induced intestinal barrier dysfunction – Lei Qiao – NPJ Science of Food

Non-Model Animal Microbiome

Glyphosate-based herbicide exposure: effects on gill microbiota of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and the aquatic bacterial ecosystem – Laure Bellec – FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Social microbiota and social gland gene expression of worker honey bees by age and climate – Kirk E Anderson – Scientific Reports

Comparative evaluation of fish larval preservation methods on microbiome profiles to aid in metagenomics research – T G Sumithra – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Concept: Inter-individual variation in parasite manipulation of host phenotype: a role for parasite microbiomes? – Robert Poulin – The Journal of Animal Ecology

Environmental Microbiome

Review: A Comprehensive Insight of Current and Future Challenges in Large-Scale Soil Microbiome Analyses – Jean Legeay – Microbial Ecology

The influence of bioclimate on soil microbial communities of cork oak – Daniela Costa – BMC Microbiology

Techniques

Liposome Delivery of Nucleic Acids in Bacteria: Toward In Vivo Labeling of Human Microbiota – Luís Moreira – ACS Infectious Diseases

Other

Recurrent neural networks enable design of multifunctional synthetic human gut microbiome dynamics – Mayank Baranwal – eLife

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