October 6, 2020

Starting today’s digest with a couple of very interest studies on COVID-19 in Nature and Science. There’s also multiple interesting virome papers today.

COVID-19 & Vaccines

Selective and cross-reactive SARS-CoV-2 T cell epitopes in unexposed humans – Mateus et al. Science

The major genetic risk factor for severe COVID-19 is inherited from Neanderthals – Zeberg et al. Nature

Massive and rapid COVID-19 testing is feasible by extraction-free SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR – Smyrlaki et al. Nature Communications. 

General microbiome

Identification of new enterosynes using prebiotics: roles of bioactive lipids and mu-opioid receptor signalling in humans and mice – Abot et al. Gut

Assessing the Variation within the Oral Microbiome of Healthy Adults – Nearing et al. mSphere

Strain-Level Analysis of Bifidobacterium spp. from Gut Microbiomes of Adults with Differing Lactase Persistence Genotypes – Schmidt et al. mSystems

Description of a new member of the family Erysipelotrichaceae: Dakotella fusiforme gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from healthy human feces – Ghimire et al. PeerJ.

Gut microbiome

Distinct signatures of gut microbiome and metabolites associated with significant fibrosis in non-obese NAFLD – Lee et al. Nature Communications

Animal microbiome 

Fecal microbiota in client-owned obese dogs changes after weight loss with a high-fiber-high-protein diet – Bermudez-Sanchez. PeerJ

Plant microbiome

Achieving similar root microbiota composition in neighbouring plants through airborne signalling – Kong et al. ISME

Phages and viruses

Human-Gut-DNA Virome Variations across Geography, Ethnicity, and Urbanization – Zuo et al. Cell Host & Microbe

Phage gene expression and host responses lead to infection-dependent costs of CRISPR immunity – Meaden et al. ISME

Interaction of bacterial metagenome and virome in patients with cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy – Bajaj et al. Gut

Stability of the Virome in Lab- and Field-Collected Aedes albopictus Mosquitoes across Different Developmental Stages and Possible Core Viruses in the Publicly Available Virome Data of Aedes Mosquitoes – Shi et al. mSystems

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