April 17, 2018

Today’s Digest is brief, but not without highlights. Brazilian and MIT scientists created artificial antimicrobial peptides using computer algorithms, ecologists model intransitive competition, and we urgently need to tackle flesh-eating bacteria. In addition, do check out several new issues’ table of contents now, if you have access.

General microbiology

** In silico optimization of a guava antimicrobial peptide enables combinatorial exploration for peptide design – William F. Porto et al. – Nature Communications

Press: Artificial antimicrobial peptides could help overcome drug-resistant bacteria – Anne Trafton – MIT News

Memories Are Made of This: Bacteria Remember Who Their Enemies Are with CRISPRs – Marcia Stone – BioScience

Human gut microbiome

Review: Drug‐induced enterocolitis: Prevention and management in primary care – Ignazio Grattagliano et al. – Journal of Digestive Diseases

Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology – Issue Information – TOC

Animal experiments

Gnotobiotic and Conventional Mouse Systems to Support Microbiota Based Studies – Richard Lavin et al. – Current Protocols in Immunology

Food Microbiology

Journal of Food Science – Issue Information – TOC

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Commentary: Taking the step: from Evo‐Devo to plant–microbe interaction evolution with the liverwort Marchantia – Mélanie Rich and Pierre‐Marc Delaux – New Phytologist

** Intransitive competition is common across five major taxonomic groups and is driven by productivity, competitive rank and functional traits – Santiago Soliveres et al. – Journal of Ecology

Preprint: Phylogenomics reveals dynamic evolution of fungal nitric oxide reductases and their relationship to secondary metabolism – Steven A Higgins et al. – bioRxiv

Phages and viruses

Preprint: Biology and taxonomy of crAss-like bacteriophages, the most abundant virus in the human gut – Emma Guerin et al. – bioRxiv

Preprint: Modelling phage-bacteria interactions driving predation and horizontal gene transfer – Jorge Moura de Sousa et al. – bioRxiv

Microbes in the news

Could Microbiota Predict Response to Anti-TNF Agents in Spondyloarthritis? – Kelly Davio – The Center for Biosimilars

You cannot escape poop bacteria – Sara Chodosh – Popular Science

Scientists Want to Replace Pesticides With Bacteria – Elizabeth G Dunn – Bloomberg Businessweek

Spikes of graphene can kill bacteria on implants – Science Daily

** Flesh-eating bacteria cases on the rise and we need an urgent response – Daniel O’Brien – The Conversation

Bacteria and feces found in fake cosmetics similar to popular makeup brands – Miriam Hernandez – ABC13

BESSY II sheds light on how the internal compass is constructed in magnetotactic bacteria – Science Daily

Connection Between Gut Bacteria And Autoimmunity Strengthens – Julianna LeMieux – American Council on Science and Health

In pictures: The bacteria living on your hands right now – Gaya Chandramohan – Channel NewsAsia

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