September 12, 2017

Today’s post is short and sweet. A European Food Safety Authority panel releases a report on deoxynivalenol (DON), a review on the effects of obesity on depression, and fish oil might be good for your gut microbiota.

General microbiology

Viable But Non-Culturable Cells Are Persister Cells – Jun-Seob Kim et al. – bioRxiv

Regulated release of cryptococcal polysaccharide drives virulence and suppresses immune cell infiltration into the central nervous system – Steven T. Denham et al. – bioRxiv

*Scientific Opinion: Risks to human and animal health related to the presence of deoxynivalenol and its acetylated and modified forms in food and feed – EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain et al. – EFSA Journal

Strategies for editing virulent staphylococcal phages using CRISPR-Cas10 – S.M. Nayeemul Bari et al. – ACS Synthetic Biology

Compensatory evolution facilitates the acquisition of multiple plasmids in bacteria – Alfonso Santos-Lopez et al. – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

The Role of Gut Microbiome in the Pathogenesis of Prostate Cancer: a Prospective, Pilot Study – Golombos DM et al. – Urology

Review: Pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori infection – Vania Camilo et al. – Helicobacter

Helicobacter Special Issue: XXXth International Workshop on Helicobacter & Microbiota in Inflammation & Cancer

*Biological and clinical implications of herbal medicine and natural products for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease – Bao-Jian Guo et al. – Annals of The New York Academy of Sciences

Plant non-starch polysaccharides that inhibit key enzymes linked to type 2 diabetes mellitus – Dan Liu et al. – Annals of The New York Academy of Sciences

Mini-Review: Role of microbiota in the pathogenesis of functional disorders of the lower GI tract: Work in progress – Jonna Jalanka and Robin Spiller – Neurogastroenterology and Motility

*Omega-3 fatty acids correlate with gut microbiome diversity and production of N-carbamylglutamate in middle aged and elderly women – Cristina Menni et al. – Scientific Reports

Press: Omega 3 helps the gut stay healthy, study finds – Medical Xpress

Human gut-microbiome-brain axis

*Review: Effects of obesity on depression: a role for inflammation and the gut microbiota – Schachter J et al. – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Preimmunization with a heat-killed preparation of Mycobacterium vaccae enhances fear extinction in the fear-potentiated startle paradigm – Fox JH et al. – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Animal experiments

Rapamycin treatment attenuates age-associated periodontitis in mice – An JY et al. – Geroscience

Animal microbiome

Disparity in the nasopharyngeal microbiota between healthy cattle on feed, at entry processing and with respiratory disease – Zeineldin M et al. – Veterinary Microbiology

Increased microbiome diversity at the time of infection is associated with improved growth rates of pigs after co-infection with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) and porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) – Ober RA et al. – Veterinary Microbiology

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Seasonal and inter-annual variability in litter decomposition and nitrogen availability in a mid-Appalachian watershed – Jeff W. Atkins et al. – Ecosphere

Probiotics, Prebiotics and Synbiotics

Probiotic Supplementation in Chronic Kidney Disease: A Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial – Borges NA et al. – Journal of Renal Nutrition

Apple pectin-derived oligosaccharides produce carbon dioxide radical anion in Fenton reaction and prevent growth of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus – Martinov J et al. – Food research international

Microbes in the news

Researchers found omega 3 helps the gut stay healthy – Pharmabiz

Microbes on the market

Tata and OptiBiotix seal deal for India prebiotic expansion – Gary Scattergood+ – Food Navigator Asia

Startups focus on the microbiome – Olivia Tucker – Version Weekly


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