September 18, 2016

Gut fermentation bubbles might promote decompression sickness in divers, corals of the Tropical Eastern Pacific, and a new microbiome book: Let Them Eat Dirt.

General microbiome

Review: Transitioning From Descriptive to Mechanistic Understanding of the Microbiome: The Need for a Prospective Longitudinal Approach to Predicting Disease – Victoria J. Martin – The Journal of Pediatrics

Pregnancy and early life

Shifts in Lachnospira and Clostridium sp. in the 3-month stool microbiome are associated with preschool-age asthma – Leah Stiemsma – Clinical Science

Human oral microbiome

ReviewThe role of bacteriophages in periodontal health and disease – Graça Pinto – Future Medicine

Human urinary tract microbiome

A diverse virome in kidney transplant patients contains multiple viral subtypes with distinct polymorphisms – Asha Rani – Scientific Reports

Human vaginal microbiome

Neither vaginal nor buccal administration of 800 μg misoprostol alters mucosal and systemic immune activation or the cervicovaginal microbiome: a pilot study – Spyros A. Kalams – The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care

Human gut microbiome

Gut fermentation seems to promote decompression sickness in humans – Sébastien de Maistre – Journal of Applied Physiology

Review: Role of gut microbiota and nutrients in amyloid formation and pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease – Francesca Pistollato – Nutrition Reviews

Review: Enteric immunity, the gut microbiome, and sepsis: Rethinking the germ theory of disease – Javier Cabrera-Perez – Experimental Biology and Medicine

Review: Probiotic supplementation can positively affect anxiety and depressive symptoms: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials – Meysam Pirbaglou – Nutrition Research

Animal experiments

Structural modulation of the gut microbiota and the relationship with body weight: compared evaluation of liraglutide and saxagliptin treatment – Lin Wang – Scientific Reports

Microbial antigen mimics activate diabetogenic CD8 T cells in NOD mice – Ningwen Tai – Journal of Experimental Medicine

Press: Yale study shows that gut microbes could trigger type 1 diabetes – Jack Woodfield –

Intestinal immune maturation is accompanied by temporal changes in the composition of the microbiota – G. Den Hartog – Beneficial Microbes

Animal microbiome

First deep screening of bacterial assemblages associated with corals of the Tropical Eastern Pacific – Joicye Hernández-Zulueta – FEMS Microbiology Ecology


Reference point insensitive molecular data analysis – M. Altenbuchinger – Bioinformatics

Microbes in the news
New book: Let Them Eat Dirt – B. Brett Finlay and Marie-Claire Arrieta

One thought on “September 18, 2016

  1. I am wondering about this “let them eat dirt” thing. I follow the microbiome quite closely (in large part thanks to your blog), and to me the “eat dirt” thing seems similar to certain anti-vax sentiments, in that people have forgotten how prolific certain microbial illnesses used to be (and still are in many 3rd world countries due to poor sanitation).

    And it also seems to me that people are misallocating the benefits of certain microbes, along with a lack of recognition of the role antibiotics play in wiping out beneficial microbes. From the literature it seems that the beneficial ones are found in breast milk, vagina during birth, and healthy foods. But NOT dirt. In fact, due to this common misallocation of benefits I took this soil bacteria ( ) and got HORRENDOUS, permanent detrimental results. And in the meantime after, I’ve come across numerous sources that corroborate my experience (some of which I listed in that review of the product).

    I’m very curious to get your opinion on this.


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