August 4, 2016

Human breast tissue microbes, foliar bacteria, SAR11 genomes, and a new book about babies growing up too clean.

Human oral microbiome

Oral, Intestinal, and Skin Bacteria in Ventral Hernia Mesh Implants – Odd Langbach – Journal of Oral Microbiology

A novel compound to maintain a healthy oral plaque ecology in vitro – Marleen M. Janus
– Journal of Oral Microbiology

Paper on periodontal disease by computer scientists, but no dentists involved, and no mentioning of ethics approval or informed consent…
Metagenomic Analysis and Features Selection in Human Oral Microbiota Associated with Periodontal Disease – Wen-Pei Chen – The 33rd Workshop on Combinatorial Mathematics and Computation Theory

Human skin/breast tissue microbiology

The Microbiome of Aseptically Collected Human Breast Tissue in Benign and Malignant Disease – Tina J. Hieken – Scientific Reports

Press: Researchers identify breast microbiome/bacterial differences between healthy and cancerous tissue – Medical Xpress

Also contains animal experiments: Transplantation of human skin microbiota in models of atopic dermatitis – Ian A. Myles – JCI Insight

Human gut microbiome

Effects of scFOS on the composition of fecal microbiota and anxiety in patients with irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study – F. Azpiroz – Neurogastroenterology & Motility

Letter: Dyspepsia and the microbiome: time to focus on the small intestine – Laurie Zhong – Gut

Review: Exposure to inorganic arsenic can lead to gut microbe perturbations and hepatocellular carcinoma – Jonathan Choiniere – Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B

Review: Modulation of type 1 and type 2 diabetes risk by the intestinal microbiome
Alexandra Paun – Pediatric Diabetes

Animal experiments

Pterostilbene-induced changes in gut microbiota composition in relation to obesity – Usune Etxeberria – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

The skin microbiome in allergen-induced canine atopic dermatitis – Felipe Pierezan – Veterinary Dermatology

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Foliar bacteria and soil fertility mediate seedling performance: a new and cryptic dimension of niche differentiation – Eric A. Griffin – Ecology

DGGE: Effect of karst rocky desertification on soil fungal communities in Southwest China – P.C. Wang – Genetics and Molecular Research

Water and extremophile microbiome

SAR11 bacteria linked to ocean anoxia and nitrogen loss – Despina Tsementzi – Nature

Press: Global warming, a dead zone and surprising bacteria – Phys.org

Sulfate reduction and inorganic carbon assimilation in acidic thermal springs of the Kamchatka peninsula – E. N. Frolov – Microbiology

Book Chapter: Bacterial Diversity of the Boka Kotorska Bay – Sandra Jokanović – The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry

Bioinformatics and metagenomics

An integrated metagenomics pipeline for strain profiling reveals novel patterns of transmission and global biogeography of bacteria – Stephen Nayfach – bioRxiv

Advances in the recovery of haplotypes from the metagenome – Samuel M Nicholls – bioRxiv

Techniques

Virtual microfluidics for digital quantification and single-cell sequencing – Liyi Xu – Nature Methods

Microbial Nanoculture as an Artificial Microniche – Tagbo H. R. Niepa – Scientific Reports

Considerations for optimizing microbiome analysis using a marker gene – Jacobo de la Cuesta-Zuluaga – Frontiers in Nutrition

Microbes in the news

Dirty baby: Just how clean does your child need to be? – Bill Daley – Chicago Tribune

New book: Let Them Eat Dirt. Saving Your Child From an Oversanitized World – B. Brett Finlay and Marie-Claire Arrieta

Cloud computing used to analyze microbiological samples – Tim Sandle – Digital Journal

Bacteria Show Capacity for Rapid, Beneficial Mutations – University of Texas News

Video: Vibrio cholerae swimming in the gut of a live zebrafish – Phys.org

How the microbiome will lead a revolution in the consumerization of personalized medicine and diet – Kobi Gershoni – Tech Crunch
Science, publishing, and career

Scholarly Olympics: How the games have shaped research. A graphical guide to the impact of the Olympics on science – Ramin Skibba – Nature

‘Kudos’ promises to help scientists promote their papers to new audiences
Increasingly popular social-media tool says it can maximize reach and impact of research – Jeffrey Perkel – Nature

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