Non-human microbiome, August 11, 2014

Microbiomes of Eurasian Magpie, mosquitoes, ticks, 218 insect species, sponges, plants, and olives.

Bird microbiome

Effect of Incubation on Bacterial Communities of Eggshells in a Temperate Bird, the Eurasian Magpie (Pica pica) – Won Young Lee – PLOS ONE

“In this study, we employed culture-independent methods, quantitative PCR and 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing, to elucidate the effect of incubation on the bacterial abundance and bacterial community composition on the eggshells of the Eurasian Magpie (Pica pica).”

Arthropod microbiome

Native microbiome impedes vertical transmission of Wolbachia in Anopheles mosquitoes
Grant L. Hughes – PNAS USA

“We show the native microbiota of Anopheles impede vertical transmission of Wolbachia. Antibiotic microbiome perturbation enables Wolbachia transmission in two Anopheles species.”

Microbial Population Analysis of the Salivary Glands of Ticks; A Possible Strategy for the Surveillance of Bacterial Pathogens – Yongjin Qiu – PLOS ONE

“Bacterial communities in each salivary gland were characterized by 16S amplicon pyrosequencing using a 454 GS-Junior Next Generation Sequencer. The Ribosomal Database Project (RDP) Classifier was used to classify sequence reads at the genus level. “

Insect Gut Bacterial Diversity Determined by Environmental Habitat, Diet, Developmental Stage, and Phylogeny of Host – Ji-Hyun Yun – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

In this study, we comprehensively characterized insect-associated gut bacteria of 305 individuals belonging to 218 species in 21 taxonomic orders, using 454 pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA genes.

Sponge microbiome

Genomic analysis reveals versatile heterotrophic capacity of a potentially symbiotic sulfur-oxidizing bacterium in sponge – Ren-Mao Tian – Environmental Microbiology

“Here, we present and analyze the first genome of sponge-associated SOB using a recently developed metagenomic binning strategy”

Plant microbiome

Foliage Friendships (behind paywall) – Peter Andrey Smith – Scientific American

“Microbial communities on a plant’s roots, stems and leaves may improve crop growth”

Effects of Fusarium oxysporum on rhizosphere microbial communities of two cucumber genotypes with contrasting Fusarium wilt resistance under hydroponic condition – Ju Ding – European Journal of Plant Pathology

“PCR-DGGE analysis of 16S rDNA fragments indicated that following FO inoculation, significant changes in the bacterial structure isolated from the root surfaces of susceptible plants were observed, such as an increased diversity index, a decreased evenness index, and the occurrence of several types of bacteria that decomposed organic substances.”

Food microbiology

Open-refrigerated retail display case temperature profile and its impact on product quality and microbiota of stored baby spinach – Liping Kou – Food Control

“All bags were immediately loaded in the display cases and the overall visual quality, tissue electrolyte leakage, total aerobic mesophilic bacteria and psychrotrophic bacteria were evaluated for each bag. “

Diversity and dynamics of the microbial community on decomposing wheat straw during mushroom compost production – Xi Zhang – Bioresouce Technology

“The development of communities of three important composting players including actinobacteria, fungi and clostridia was explored during the composting of wheat straw for mushroom production. “

Genetic diversity and dynamics of bacterial and yeast strains associated to Spanish-style green table-olive fermentations in large manufacturing companies – Helena Lucena-Padrós – International Journal of Food Microbiology

“We have genotyped a total of 1045 microbial isolates obtained along the fermentation time of Spanish-style green table olives from the fermentation yards (patios) of two large manufacturing companies in the province of Sevilla, south of Spain.”

[hr]

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s