General microbiology and science, August 11, 2014

Single cell genomics, metagenomics and bioinformatics, primers for protozoa detection, and Bik’s Picks.
Microbial detection

Clinical PathoScope: rapid alignment and filtration for accurate pathogen identification in clinical samples using unassembled sequencing data – Allyson L Byrd – BMC Bioinformatics

“Clinical PathoScope is the only pathogen identification method currently available that can identify multiple pathogens from mixed samples and distinguish between very closely related species and strains in samples with very few reads per pathogen. “

Metagenomics

Recent advances in genomic DNA sequencing of microbial species from single cells – Roger S. Lasken & Jeffrey S. McLean – Nature Review Genetics

“With the advent of single-cell sequencing, genomes of uncultivated species are rapidly filling in unsequenced branches of the microbial phylogenetic tree.”

Employing whole genome mapping for optimal de novo assembly of bacterial genomes
Basil Britto Xavier – BMC Research Notes

“Utilising several assembly tools based on de Bruijn graphs like Velvet, SPAdes and IDBA, we demonstrate that at the optimal N50, mis-assemblies do occur, even when using the multi-k-mer approaches of SPAdes and IDBA. “

Protozoal components of microbiome

Design and Validation of Four New Primers for Next-Generation Sequencing To Target the 18S rRNA Genes of Gastrointestinal Ciliate Protozoa – Suzanne L. Ishaq and André-Denis G. Wright – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

“PCR amplicons of 394 to 498 bases were generated from three primer sets, sequenced using Roche 454 pyrosequencing with Titanium, and analyzed using the BLAST database (NCBI) and MOTHUR version 1.29.”

Microbes in the news

What Causes Antibiotic Resistance? Video Answers This In Awesome Animation – Kevin Wu – Inquisitr.com

“Kevin Wu details the evolution of this problem that present a big challenge for the future of medicine in this amazing animated video uploaded on YouTube.”

Women in Science

Harassment in Science, Replicated – Christie Aschwanden – The New York Times

“The findings are depressingly similar to the data some colleagues and I collected this year from an online questionnaire sent to science writers. “

Bik’s Picks

Comparative population genomics reveals the domestication history of the peach (Prunus persica) and human influences on perennial fruit crops – Ke Cao – Genome Biology

“We perform large-scale resequencing of 10 wild and 74 cultivated peach varieties, including 9 ornamental, 23 breeding, and 42 landrace lines. We identify 4.6 million SNPs, a large number of which could explain the phenotypic variation in cultivated peach.”

Grizzly bears master healthy obesity – Meghan Rosen – Science News

“Though the animals beef up before hibernating, they may avoid diabetes by tweaking signals in fat cells, researchers report in the Aug. 5 Cell Metabolism.”

Natural light in office boosts health – Science Daily

“Office workers with more natural light exposure at the office had longer sleep duration, better sleep quality, more physical activity and better quality of life compared to office workers with less light exposure in the workplace, a study shows.”

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