Human microbiome, June 26

Mass spectrometry on Neanderthal poop – how cool is that? Then, nice article about fecal transplants, the Bristol Stool Chart Mug, role of bacteria in colon cancer, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis as a possible human symbiont.

Gut microbiome

Screen Shot 2014-06-26 at 10.22.55 PMThe Neanderthal Meal: A New Perspective Using Faecal Biomarkers – Ainara Sistiaga – PLOS ONE

“Our gas chromatography-mass spectrometry results from El Salt (Spain), a Middle Palaeolithic site dating to ca. 50,000 yr. BP, represents the oldest positive identification of human faecal matter.”

Screen Shot 2014-06-26 at 9.41.05 PM

 

I enjoyed reading this article. And not just because they mentioned one of our studies.
Getting to the Bottom of Fecal Transplants – Ricki Lewis – PLOS.org

“(…) babies’ bacteria were quite different at the outset, but by the end of the year, their communities resembled those in the adult digestive tract. And it was published right here at PLOS.”

41C8qjeUK2LWhich led me to the awesome The Bristol Stool Chart Mug – Amazon
Which I then ordered.

 

CRCFusobacterium and Enterobacteriaceae: Important players for CRC? – Emma Allen-Vercoea, Christian Jobin – Immunology Letters

“Not surprisingly, microbial dysbiosis is associated with numerous intestinal disorders including inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and colorectal cancer (CRC). In this piece, we will review recent evidence that gut microbial dysbiosis can influence intestinal disease, including colitis and CRC.”

Screen Shot 2014-06-26 at 9.45.42 PMPrevalence and Duration of Asymptomatic Clostridium difficile Carriage among Healthy Subjects in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania – Alison L. Galdys – Journal of Clinical Microbiology

“The prevalence of C. difficile carriage in this healthy cohort is concordant with prior estimates. C. difficile-colonized individuals may be important reservoirs for C. difficile and may falsely test positive for infections due to C. difficile when evaluated for community-acquired diarrhea caused by other enteric pathogens.”

Blood sugar improves with first gastrointestinal microbiome modulator, NM504 – Science Daily

“The not-yet-named therapeutic, NM504, is the first in a new class of therapies known as GI microbiome modulators. “

Role of humanRole of human gut microbiota metabolism in the anti-inflammatory effect of traditionally used ellagitannin-rich plant materials – Jakub P. Piwowarski – Journal of Ethnopharmacology

“The formation of urolithins was determined by ex vivo incubation of human faecal samples with aqueous extracts from selected plant materials.”

Me and my microbiome – New Scientist

“Now there are claims that a truly villainous bacterium – Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which causes TB – is actually symbiotic and helped us evolve our large brains (see “ Eat meat TB brainy”). “

Eat meat TB brainy – Adrian Williams, Robin Dunbar – New Scientist

“The tuberculosis bacterium co-evolved with humans at least 70,000 years ago, and possibly a great deal earlier. Could chronic TB infections have originally been beneficial to human life? Did the pathogen act as a symbiont, supplying nicotinamide at times of meat deficiency?”

Animal models of human microbiota and disease

Screen Shot 2014-06-26 at 9.47.30 PMIncorporation of therapeutically modified bacteria into gut microbiota inhibits obesity – Zhongyi Chen – Journal of Clinical Investigation

“Here, we demonstrated that administration of engineered NAPE-expressing E. coli Nissle 1917 bacteria in drinking water for 8 weeks reduced the levels of obesity in mice fed a high-fat diet. “

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