Human microbiome digest, June 4, 2014

Today’s featured paper describes the gut microbiota of malnourished Bangladeshi children and was published in Nature. But we also cover oral cancer and babies’ dummies (pacifiers).

Gut microbiome

Screen Shot 2014-06-05 at 12.35.59 AMPersistent gut microbiota immaturity in malnourished Bangladeshi children – Sathish Subramanian – Nature

“ In the current study, bacterial species whose proportional representation define a healthy gut microbiota as it assembles during the first two postnatal years were identified by applying a machine-learning-based approach to 16S ribosomal RNA data sets generated from monthly faecal samples obtained from birth onwards in a cohort of children living in an urban slum of Dhaka, Bangladesh, who exhibited consistently healthy growth. “

Screen Shot 2014-06-05 at 12.37.44 AMAnd an accompanying News And Views: Population health: Immaturity in the gut microbial community – Elizabeth K. Costello- Nature

“Undernourished children fall behind not only on growth, but also on maturation of their intestinal bacterial communities, according to a study comparing acutely malnourished and healthy Bangladeshi children.”

Screen Shot 2014-06-05 at 12.36.53 AMThe Scientist also writes about the Subramanian paper: How Malnutrition Affects the Microbiome – Rina Shaikh-Lesko – The Scientist

“The gut bacterial communities of severely malnourished children appear to be less developed than those of healthy children, a study on Bangladeshi infants and toddlers finds.”

Oral microbiome

Screen Shot 2014-06-05 at 12.34.59 AMChanges in Abundance of Oral Microbiota Associated with Oral Cancer – Brian L. Schmidt – PLOS ONE

“To investigate changes in the microbiome associated with oral cancers, we profiled cancers and anatomically matched contralateral normal tissue from the same patient by sequencing 16S rDNA hypervariable region amplicons. “

The strange micro-biome that is your mouth – Paul Kulpinski – Mountain Waves Healing Arts

“In this post I will report on my most recent self-experiment. Some of this experiment was intentional, and some of it was non-intentional – with regards to my oral hygiene at least.”

Pregnancy and birth

Screen Shot 2014-06-05 at 12.43.20 AMMothers should suck their babies’ dummies, scientists say – Sarah Knapton – The Telegraph

“Children whose mother’s sucked their dummies to clean them were a third less likely to develop asthma and eczema, Prof Graham Rook, told the Cheltenham Science Festival. “If the parents pick up the dummy right away and sterilises it or replace it with a new clean one, that child has a considerably greater chance of having eczema and asthma,” he said.”

Influence of interpregnancy interval on birth timing – EA DeFranco – BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

“While short IPI is a known risk factor for preterm birth, our data show that inadequate birth spacing is associated with decreased gestational age for all births.”

Health of Hispanic Moms and Babies a Growing Concern, New Report Says – Hola Arkansas

“March of Dimes Global Ambassador Thalia Urges Hispanic Women To Be Informed About Pregnancy and Baby Health”


General microbiome
Pharmacomicrobiomics: The Impact of Human Microbiome Variations on Systems Pharmacology and Personalized Therapeutics – A summary of key findings and applications from the Human Microbiome Project. – Marwa ElRakaiby – Omics Journal

In this review article, we summarize the key findings and applications of the HMP that may impact pharmacology and personalized therapeutics.