December 16, 2022

Highlights!

A microbiome-dependent gut-brain pathway regulates motivation for exercise – Lenka Dohnalová – Nature 

Here, we report on the discovery of a gut–brain connection in mice that enhances exercise performance by augmenting dopamine signalling during physical activity. We find that microbiome-dependent production of endocannabinoid metabolites in the gut stimulates the activity of TRPV1-expressing sensory neurons and thereby elevates dopamine levels in the ventral striatum during exercise.

Gut microbiota in the early stage of Crohn’s disease has unique characteristics – Xianzong Ma – Gut Pathogens

The present study aimed to identify dysbacteriosis in patients with early Crohn’s Disease (CD) and explore specific gut bacteria related to the progression of CD.

Human and General Microbiome

Longitudinal multi-omics analyses of the gut-liver axis reveals metabolic dysregulation in hepatitis C infection and cirrhosis – Rabab O Ali – Nature Microbiology

Impact of HIV infection and integrase strand transfer inhibitors-based treatment on the gut virome – Pablo Villoslada-Blanco – Scientific Reports

Consequences of collagen induced inflammatory arthritis on circadian regulation of the gut microbiome – Devin Amanda Simpkins – FASEB Journal

Isolation and characterization of a novel choline degrading Citrobacter amalonaticus strain from the human gut – Jyoti Kashyap – Current Research in Microbial Sciences

HIV-Positive Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy Have an Altered Mucosal Intestinal but Not Oral Microbiome – Jingjing Meng – Microbiology Spectrum

Gut dysbiosis and bacterial translocation in the aneurysmal wall and blood in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm – Ken Nakayama – PloS One

Review: Female reproductive tract microbiome and early miscarriages – Olga Lebedeva – APMIS

Review: Emerging roles of intratumor microbiota in cancer metastasis – Aikun Fu – Trends in Cell Biology

In Brief: Urine microbiota differ in bladder cancer – Louise Stone – Nature Reviews. Urology

Animal Microbiome

Characterization of the bacterial microbiome of Amblyomma scalpturatum and Amblyomma ovale collected from Tapirus terrestris and Amblyomma sabanerae collected from Chelonoidis denticulata, Madre de Dios- Peru – Jesús Rojas-Jaimes – BMC Microbiology

Increased Proportion of Fiber-Degrading Microbes and Enhanced Cecum Development Jointly Promote Host To Digest Appropriate High-Fiber Diets – Guang Pu – mSystems

Review: Involvement of Microbiota in Insect Physiology: Focus on B Vitamins – Javier Serrato-Salas – mBio

Plant Microbiome

The Endophytic Root Microbiome Is Different in Healthy and Ralstonia solanacearum-Infected Plants and Is Regulated by a Consortium Containing Beneficial Endophytic Bacteria – Yiting Li – Microbiology Spectrum

Microbiome Analysis and Methods

Interpreting tree ensemble machine learning models with endoR – Albane Ruaud – PLoS Computational Biology

Analysis of Ancient Microbial DNA – Olivier Gorgé – Methods in Molecular Biology (Book)

Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy Approach to Investigate Plant-Fungal Interactions – F Fracchia – Methods in Molecular Biology (Book)

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