November 4, 2020

Some very nice articles in todays digest including a probiotic study in Science Translation Medicine and a non-microbiome pick for dog lovers at the end. Enjoy!

COVID-19 & Vaccines

SARS-CoV-2 viral load is associated with increased disease severity and mortality – Fajnzylber et al. Nature Communications

Gut microbiome

Multi-omics analyses of radiation survivors identify radioprotective microbes and metabolites – Guo et al. Science

Dietary simple sugars alter microbial ecology in the gut and promote colitis in mice – Khan et al. Science Translational Medicine

Deep-Learning Resources for Studying Glycan-Mediated Host-Microbe Interactions – Bojar et al. Cell Host & Microbe

Mucin-derived O-glycans supplemented to diet mitigate diverse microbiota perturbations – Pruss et al. ISME

Microbiota-Derived Short-Chain Fatty Acids Promote LAMTOR2-Mediated Immune Responses in Macrophages – Wu et al. mSystems

Probiotics

A probiotic yeast-based immunotherapy against Clostridioides difficile infection – Chen et al. Science Translational Medicine

Water and extremophile microbiome

Host specificity of microbiome assembly and its fitness effects in phytoplankton – Jackrel et al. ISME

Microbial ecology of the newly discovered serpentinite-hosted Old City hydrothermal field (southwest Indian ridge) – Lecoeuvre et al. ISME

Phages and viruses

Roles of bacteriophages, plasmids and CRISPR immunity in microbial community dynamics revealed using time-series integrated meta-omics – Arbas et al. Nature Microbiology

Bioinformatics

Detecting Gene Ontology misannotations using taxon-specific rate ratio comparisons – Wei et al. Bioinformatics

phyloFlash: Rapid Small-Subunit rRNA Profiling and Targeted Assembly from Metagenomes – Gruber-Vodicka et al. mSystems

Large-Scale Metagenome Assembly Reveals Novel Animal-Associated Microbial Genomes, Biosynthetic Gene Clusters, and Other Genetic Diversity – Youngblut et al. mSystems

Non-microbiome pick 

Origins and genetic legacy of prehistoric dogs – Berstrom et al. 

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