August 10, 2019

This weekend, read about the role that gut microbes play in inflammation, microbes in the placenta-maternal interface, BactMAP R package, and more. Happy reading!

General microbiome

High proportions of bacteria and archaea across most biomes remain uncultured – Andrew D. Steen – The ISME Journal

Isolation of an archaeon at the prokaryote-eukaryote interface – Hiroyuki Imachi – bioRxiv

Urinary microbiome

A Prospective Study of the Urinary and Gastrointestinal Microbiome in Prepubertal Males – Borna Kassir – Urology

Gut microbiome

*Review: The intestinal microbiota fuelling metabolic inflammation – Herbert Tilg – Nature Reviews Immunology

Long-term dietary intervention reveals resilience of the gut microbiota despite changes in diet and weight – Gabriela K Fragiadakis – bioRxiv

Recovery of the gut microbiota after antibiotics depends on host diet and environmental reservoirs – Katharine M. Ng – bioRxiv

Differential detection of Entamoeba species in stool samples collected from children in District Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan – Muhammad Iftikhar Khan – bioRxiv

Association network analysis identifies enzymatic components of gut microbiota that significantly differ between colorectal cancer patients and healthy controls – Dongmei Ai – PeerJ

Specific changes in faecal microbiota are associated with familial Mediterranean fever – Samuel Deshayes – Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases

Pregnancy and early life

*Functional characterization of Ralstonia insidiosa, a bona fide resident at the maternal-fetal interface – Lindsay A. Parnell – bioRxiv

The association between caesarean section delivery and later life obesity in 21-24 year olds in an Urban South African birth cohort – Eniola Sogunle – bioRxiv

Water and extremophile microbiome

Microbial community and geochemical analyses of trans-trench sediments for understanding the roles of hadal environments – Satoshi Hiraoka – bioRxiv

Metabolically-active obligate aerobes in anoxic (sulfidic) marine sediments – Sabyasachi Bhattacharya – bioRxiv

Plant microbiome

Shared mycorrhizae but distinct communities of other root-associated microbes on co-occurring native and invasive maples – Tonia DeBellis – PeerJ

Non-target Effects of Trichoderma on Plants and Soil Microbial Communities – Monika Jangi – Plant Microbe Interface

Bioinformatics

*BactMAP: an R package for integrating, analyzing and visualizing bacterial microscopy data – Renske van Raaphorst – bioRxiv

Podcast

The placental microbiome, and advances in artificial intelligence – Nick Howe and Noah Baker – Nature Podcast

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