August 19, 2018

Featured today: culturing novel bacteria, microbiota of cystic fibrosis, marker in urine for determining gut microbial diversity, stress determinant of soil microbial communities, fescue enhances the PAH degradation by rhizospheric microbes, phages from healthy skin metavirome.

General microbiome

Dietary specialization in mutualistic acacia‐ants affects relative abundance but not identity of host‐associated bacteria – BER Rubin – Journal Molecular Ecology

Conventional culture methods with commercially available media unveil the presence of novel culturable bacteria – T Ito – Gut Microbes

Multi-site human microbiome

The urinary microbiome associated with bladder cancer – V Bučević Popović – Scientific Reports

Human respiratory microbiome

Review: Cystic fibrosis respiratory microbiota: unraveling complexity to inform clinical practice – LJ Caverly – Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine

Human vaginal microbiome

Vulvovestibular Syndrome and Vaginal Microbiome: A Simple Evaluation – M Vadala – Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Human gut microbiome

Gut microbiota composition explains more variance in the host cardiometabolic risk than genetic ancestry – SJ Guzman-Castaneda – bioRxiv

Assessment of urinary 3-indoxyl sulfate as a marker for gut microbiota diversity and abundance of Clostridiales – F Farowski – Gut Microbes

Periodontal Therapy Favorably Modulates the Oral-Gut-Hepatic Axis in Cirrhosis – JS Bajaj – American Journal of Physiology-Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

Animal experiments

Neonatal gut and immune maturation is determined more by postnatal age than by post-conceptional age in moderately preterm pigs – S Rens – American Journal of Physiology-Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

Effects of Astragalus membranaceus fiber on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, microbial composition, VFA production, gut pH, and immunity of weaned pigs – D Che – Microbiology Open

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Soil microbial communities alter conspecific and congeneric competition consistent with patterns of field coexistence in three Trifolium congeners – A Siefert – Journal of Ecology

Initial state of soil microbial communities determines their stress response – W Riah-Anglet – Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering

Natural grassland as the optimal pattern of vegetation restoration in arid and semi-arid regions: Evidence from nutrient limitation of soil microbes – Y Cui – Science of The Total Environment

Characteristics of microbial community indicate anthropogenic impact on the sediments along the Yangtze Estuary and its coastal area, China – X-p Guo – Science of The Total Environment

Soil bacterial communities exhibit systematic spatial variation with landform across a commercial potato field – S Neupane – Geoderma

Plant host habitat and root exudates shape fungal diversity – M Hugoni – Mycorrhiza

Enhanced polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons degradation in rhizosphere soil planted with tall fescue: Bacterial community and functional gene expression mechanisms – M Guo – Chemosphere

Microbial community of nitrogen cycle‐related genes in aquatic plant rhizospheres of Lake Liangzi in winter – X Yin – Journal of Basic Microbiology

Water and extremophile microbiome 

Surviving in hot and cold: psychrophiles and thermophiles from Deception Island volcano, Antarctica – AG. Bendia – Extremophiles

Probiotics / prebiotics

Probiotics and Evidence-based Medicine: To All Involved – M Koch – Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology

Co‐Administration of Probiotics with Prescribed Antibiotics for Preventing Clostridium difficile Diarrhea – SI Ahmed – Academic Emergency Medicine

Phages and viruses

Novel phages of healthy skin metaviromes from South Africa – LJ van Zyl – Scientific Reports


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