July 18, 2017

A short Digest today, but with very interesting papers. Strain diversity implicated in atopic dermatitis, infant gut microbiome associated with cognitive development? And the sourdough microbiome.

General microbiology

Use of oxygen isotopes to differentiate between nitrous oxide produced by fungi or bacteria during denitrification – Lena Rohe et al. – Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry

Human skin microbiome

Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis strain diversity underlying pediatric atopic dermatitis – Allyson Byrd et al. – Science Translational Medicine

Human gut-microbiome-brain axis

Infant Gut Microbiome Associated with Cognitive Development – Alexander L. Carlson et al. – Biological Psychiatry

Press: In baby’s dirty diapers, the clues to baby’s brain development – UNC Health Care – EurekaAlert

Animal experiments

Peripartum Antibiotics Promote Gut Dysbiosis, Loss of Immune Tolerance, and Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Genetically Prone Offspring – Jun Miyoshi et al. – Cell Reports

Press: Higher IBD Risk in Offspring Associated With Antibiotic Use in Pregnancy – IDSE News Staff – IDSE

Microbes in the news

More Than Bread: Sourdough As a Window Into The Microbiome – Marcus Woo – NPR

Promising but take caution: Probiotics and Weight Loss – Philip J. Gregory – Medscape

Review article discusses potential role, benefits of non-rhizobia bacteria in root nodules of legume – Phys.org

Microbes on the market

Enterome, Nestlé Health Science Launch Microbiome Diagnostics Partners to Develop New IBD Treatments – Carolina Henriques – IBD News Today

Essential Science: Big investments for human microbiome research – Tim Sandle – Digital Journal

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