Non-human microbiomes, June 11

Microbes in mosquitos, beetles and cocoa.

Insect microbiome

Francesco BaldiniEvidence of natural Wolbachia infections in field populations of Anopheles gambiae – Francesco Baldini – Nature Communications

“Here we show evidence of Wolbachia infections in Anopheles gambiae in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene identified Wolbachia sequences in both female and male germlines across two seasons, and determined that these sequences are vertically transmitted from mother to offspring. “

Screen Shot 2014-06-11 at 10.33.17 PMInterspecific communication between pinewood nematode, its insect vector, and associated microbes – Lilin Zhao – Trends in Parasitology

“The causative agent of PWD, the pinewood nematode (PWN), engages in a symbiotic partnership with its insect vector, the Monochamus beetle, as well as associated bacteria and ophiostomatoid fungi, in order to successfully infect and kill its host pine tree.”

Food microbiome

Philpp Adler cocoaThe key to acetate: Metabolic fluxes of acetic acid bacteria under cocoa pulp fermentation simulating conditions – Philipp Adler – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

“Acetic acid bacteria (AAB) play an important role during cocoa fermentation, as their main product acetate is a major driver for development of desired cocoa flavors. Here, we investigated the specialized metabolism of these bacteria under cocoa pulp fermentation simulating conditions.”

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