General microbiology and science, July 9

Transcriptomic and proteomic analysis of Dengue infection,  bacteria that can tolerate arsenate, and -shocking!- bacteria on elevator buttons.

Dengue

Monocyte-Plasmablast Crosstalk during Dengue – Angela M. Green, Eva Harris – Cell Host & Microbe

“In this issue, Kwissa et al. (2014) begin with transcriptomic analysis and then integrate studies in human clinical samples, nonhuman primates, and coculture of primary human cells to identify a role for CD14+CD16+ monocytes in generating plasmablast responses during dengue virus infection.”

Screen Shot 2014-07-09 at 10.24.23 PMBelongs to: Dengue Virus Infection Induces Expansion of a CD14+CD16+ Monocyte Population that Stimulates Plasmablast Differentiation – Marcin Kwissa – Cell Host & Microbe

“Transcriptomic analysis of whole blood revealed that genes encoding proinflammatory mediators and type I interferon-related proteins were associated with high DENV levels during initial symptomatic disease.”

Screen Shot 2014-07-09 at 10.25.06 PMQuantitative proteomic analysis of Huh-7 cells infected with Dengue virus by label-free LC–MS – Victoria Pando-Robles – Journal of Proteomics

“In order to gain a better reading of the cross talk between virus and host cell proteins, we used a proteomics approach to analyze the host response to DENV infection in a hepatic cell line Huh-7.”

Dengue hemorrhagic fever: Comparison of patients with primary and secondary infections – Muhammad Khurram – Journal of Infection and Public Health

“The two Groups were compared for statistically significant association in terms of age, gender, laboratory parameter (at admission hematocrit [HCT], platelet, white blood cell [WBC] counts, alanine aminotransferase [ALT] value), severity (DHF or dengue shock syndrome), and outcome (recovered or expired).”

Comments on the clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with dengue hemorrhagic fever manifestations and their transfusion profile – Romélia Pinheiro Gonçalves Lemes – Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia

Belongs to: Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with dengue hemorrhagic fever manifestations and their transfusion profile – Denys Eiti Fujimoto – Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia

“A retrospective descriptive study was performed to analyze the distribution of relative frequencies of clinical and laboratory variables. The study was carried out in Rio Branco with confirmed dengue fever cases.”

Viruses and phages

Viruses as new agentsViruses as new agents of organomineralization in the geological record – Muriel Pacton – Nature Communications

“Here we use contextual metagenomic data and microscopic analyses to show that viruses occur in high diversity within a modern lacustrine microbial mat, and vastly outnumber prokaryotes and other components of the microbial mat.”

Screen Shot 2014-07-09 at 10.30.33 PMReview: Exploiting gut bacteriophages for human health – Marion Dalmasso – Trends in Microbiology

“Individual phageomes vary depending on age and health, thus providing a useful biomarker of human health as well as suggesting potential interventions targeted at the gut microbiota.”

Through the looking glass: witnessing host–virus interplay in zebrafish – Jean-Pierre Levraud – Trends in Microbiology

“Besides traditional host models such as mice, the zebrafish offers an attractive cocktail of optical accessibility and genetic tractability, blended with a vertebrate-type immunity, where innate responses can easily be separated from adaptive ones.”

Antibiotics and resistance

Variable recombination dynamics during the emergence, transmission and ‘disarming’ of a multidrug-resistant pneumococcal clone – Nicholas J Croucher – BMC Biology

“Whole genome sequencing of an international collection of 189 isolates estimated that PMEN2 emerged around the late 1960s, developing resistance through multiple homologous recombinations and the acquisition of a Tn5253-type integrative and conjugative element (ICE). “

Arsenate metabolism

Screen Shot 2014-07-09 at 10.27.05 PMInfluence of an arsenate-reducing and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons-degrading Pseudomonas isolate on growth and arsenic accumulation in Pteris vittata L. and removal of phenanthrene – Tiancai Feng – International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation

“In this study, the effect of bacterial inoculation on plant growth and arsenic uptake by Pteris vittata and phenanthrene dissipation was investigated hydroponically using an arsenate-reducing and PAH-degrading Pseudomonas isolate. “

Screen Shot 2014-07-09 at 10.28.17 PMBrevibacillus sp. KUMAs2, a bacterial isolate for possible bioremediation of arsenic in rhizosphere – Ivy Mallick – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

“As resistant property in KUMAs2 was found to be plasmid-borne, which carried both As oxidizing and reducing genes. The strain could promote chilli plant growth under As contaminated soil environment by decreasing As accumulation in plant upon successful colonization in the rhizosphere, which suggests the possibility of using this isolate for successful bioremediation of As in the crop field.”

Infection and host response

Influenza Promotes Pneumococcal Growth during Coinfection by Providing Host Sialylated Substrates as a Nutrient Source – Steven J. Siegel – Cell Host & Microbe

“We find that prior influenza infection enhances pneumococcal colonization of the murine nasopharynx, which in turn promotes bacterial spread to the lungs. “

Microbes in the news

Bacteria Could Provide A Powerful New Way To Fight Fat And Depression – Lauren F. Friedman – Business Insider

“With increased understanding of these tiny organisms, we might just be able to coax them to do our bidding, giving us unprecedented control over human health.”

Screen Shot 2014-07-09 at 10.28.38 PMHospital elevator buttons coated with more bacteria than bathroom surfaces – Helen Branswell – Canadian Press

“You might want to use an elbow to push the elevator button the next time you are in a hospital.”

Screen Shot 2014-07-09 at 10.27.35 PMBelongs to: Elevator buttons as unrecognized sources of bacterial colonization in hospitals – Christopher E Kandel – Open Medicine

“Elevator buttons had a higher prevalence of colonization than toilet surfaces (61% v. 43%, p = 0.008).”

Science and Art

Screen Shot 2014-07-09 at 10.26.17 PMIntricate bacteria sculptures painstakingly hand-cut from paper – Chris Higgins – Wired

“Among the microbes Brown studied in preparation for the undertaking, which took four months overall (one to draw, two to hand cut and one to piece them together) are proteus bacteria, Escherichia coli, salmonella, hyphae, Spirillum volutans and Vibrio cholerae.”

Science, publishing and ethics

Not all plagiarism requires a retraction – Praveen Chaddah – Nature

“The ease with which large chunks of text can be digitally scanned and compared with what has previously been published has produced a new breed of academic watchdog”

Dr. Bik’s Picks

Screen Shot 2014-07-09 at 10.35.00 PMAncient arachnid brought ‘back to life’: Video recreates 410-million-year-old animal walking – Science Daily

Scientists have recreated the walking gait of a 410-million-year-old arachnid, one of the first predators on land, based on fossil evidence. The scientists used the fossils — thin slices of rock showing the animal’s cross-section — to work out the range of motion in the limbs of this ancient, extinct early relative of the spiders.”

Screen Shot 2014-07-09 at 10.25.41 PM

Venus, the Chimera Cat: Venus the cat appears to have 2 faces – WSAV

“The left side of Venus’ face is black with a green eye, the right side of her face has orange tabby cat markings with a striking blue eye. “

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