January 20, 2020

Have a nice monday! Today, in this Digest we have a good amount of papers about different beneficial interventions based on the microbiome such as probiotics, synbiotics and others. We have also papers about the microbiome in brain disorders, new evidence about microbiota changes in IBS, the impact of early antibiotic use on infant microbiota and the relation between mycobiome and childhood caries. Enjoy!

Human and General Microbiome

Review: The Reproductive Microbiome: An Emerging Driver of Sexual Selection, Sexual Conflict, Mating Systems, and Reproductive Isolation – Melissah Rowe – Trends in Ecology and Evolution

Systematic Review: Gut microbial changes of patients with psychotic and affective disorders: A systematic review – Nina Vindegaard – Schizophrenia Research

Review: The progress of gut microbiome research related to brain disorders – Sibo Zhu – Journal of Neuroinflammation

Review: Unraveling How Candida albicans Forms Sexual Biofilms – Austin M. Perry – Journal of Fungi

In Brief: Host-microbiome interactions lost during flight – Ashley York – Nature Reviews Microbiology

Evidence of altered mucosa-associated and fecal microbiota composition in patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome – Johanna Sundin – Scientific Reports

Antibiotics in early life associate with specific gut microbiota signatures in a prospective longitudinal infant cohort – Katri Korpela – Pediatric Research 

Activated Drp1-mediated mitochondrial ROS influence the gut microbiome and intestinal barrier after hemorrhagic shock – Chenyang Duan – Aging

Virulent coliphages in 1-year-old children fecal samples are fewer, but more infectious than temperate coliphages – Aurélie Mathieu – Nature Communications

Impact of commonly used drugs on the composition and metabolic function of the gut microbiota – Arnau Vich Vila – Nature Communications

Site-specific profiling of the dental mycobiome reveals strong taxonomic shifts during progression of early childhood caries – Lauren M. O’Connell – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Influence of gastrectomy for gastric cancer treatment on faecal microbiome and metabolome profiles – Pande Putu Erawijantari – Gut (BMJ)

Dysbiosis Signatures of Fecal Microbiota in South African Infants with Respiratory, Gastrointestinal, and Other Diseases – Srinivasan Krishnamoorthy – The Journal of Pediatrics

Cervicovaginal Microbiome and Urine Metabolome Paired Analysis Reveals Niche Partitioning of the Microbiota in Patients with Human Papilloma Virus Infections – Nataliya Chorna – Metabolites (MDPI)

Animal Microbiomes and Animal Model Experiments

The mitochondrial negative regulator MCJ modulates the interplay between microbiota and the host during ulcerative colitis – Miguel Angel Pascual-Itoiz – Scientific Reports

Effects of peptidoglycan on the development of steatohepatitis – Meiling Jin – Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids

Phylosymbiosis across deeply diverging lineages in omnivorous cockroaches – Kara A. Tinker – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Metagenomic shotgun analyses reveal complex patterns of intra- and interspecific variation in the intestinal microbiomes of codfishes – Even Sannes Riiser – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Beneficial Microbes and Compounds

Review: Effects of probiotics on type II diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis – Yun-Wen Tao – Journal of Translational Medicine

Opinion: Improving Risk-Benefit in Faecal Transplantation through Microbiome Screening – Lito E. Papanicolas – Trends in Microbiology

Akkermansia muciniphila Prevents Fatty Liver, Decreases Serum Triglycerides, and Maintains Gut Homeostasis – Sejeong Kim – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Lactobacillus Protects Against S. Typhimurium-Induced Intestinal Inflammation by Determining the Fate of Epithelial Proliferation and Differentiation – Xiaoxi Lu – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

Probiotics Prevent Dysbiosis and the Raise in Blood Pressure in Genetic Hypertension: Role of Short-chain Fatty Acids – Iñaki Robles‐Vera – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

Tuna Bone Powder Alleviates Glucocorticoid-Induced Osteoporosis Via Coregulation of the NF-κB and Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Pathways and Modulation of Gut Microbiota Composition and Metabolism – Chenyang Lu – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research

A 2-strain mixture of Lactobacillus acidophilus in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: A placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial – Stéphane Sadrin – Digestive and Liver Disease

Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 and Magnesium Oxide in Children with Functional Chronic Constipation: A Double-Blind and Randomized Clinical Trial – Megumi Kubota – Nutrients

Chemical Profile, Antioxidative, and Gut Microbiota Modulatory Properties of Ganpu Tea: A Derivative of Pu-erh Tea – Yuying Zheng – Nutrients

Effects of Synbiotic Supplement on Human Gut Microbiota, Body Composition and Weight Loss in Obesity – Igor N. Sergeev – Nutrients

Antidiabetic Effect of Casein Glycomacropeptide Hydrolysates on High-Fat Diet and STZ-Induced Diabetic Mice via Regulating Insulin Signaling in Skeletal Muscle and Modulating Gut Microbiota – Qichen Yuan – Nutrients

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