February 18, 2019

Good morning everyone, the focus of today’s digest is the gut microbiome specifically their association with liver disease, obesity, diabetes, allergic asthma, autism, and multiple sclerosis, and a method for alignment-free metagenomic binning. Enjoy reading.

General microbiome

Review: The role of the microbiome in immunologic development and its implication for pancreatic cancer immunotherapy – Vrishketan Sethi – Gastroenterology

Gut microbiome

Review: Gut microbiota in liver disease: Too much is harmful, nothing at all is not helpful eitherPhillipp Hartmann – American Journal of Physiology Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

Metabolic improvement in obese patients after duodenal–jejunal exclusion is associated with intestinal microbiota composition changes – C. de Jonge – International Journal of Obesity

Does birth mode modify associations of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain with the infant gut microbiome? – Sirtaj B. Singh – International Journal of Obesity

Reduced Akkermansia muciniphila and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii levels in the gut microbiota of children with allergic asthma – M. Demirci – Allergologia et Immunopathologia

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) with and without Mental Regression Is Associated with Changes in the Fecal Microbiota – Julio Plaza-Díaz – Nutrients

Dietary supplementation with strawberry induces marked changes in the composition and functional potential of the gut microbiome in diabetic mice – Chrissa Petersen – The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry

Viewpoint: Gut microbes and depression: Still waiting for Godot – Timothy G. Dinan – Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Gut microbiota-dependent CCR9+CD4+ T cells are altered in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis – Atsushi Kadowaki – Brain

Potential biomarkers to predict outcome of faecal microbiota transfer for recurrent Clostridioides difficileinfection – Fedja Farowski – Digestive and Liver Disease

Animal microbiome

Rare gut microbiota associated with breeding success, hormone metabolites and ovarian cycle phase in the critically endangered eastern black rhino – Rachel E. Antis – Microbiome

Animal experiments

High dietary fat intake induces a microbiota signature that promotes food allergy – Maryam Hussain – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

The Alternate Consumption of Quercetin and Alliin in the Traditional Asian Diet Reshaped Microbiota and Altered Gene Expression of Colonic Epithelial Cells in Rats – Juntong Yu – Health, Nutrition, and Food

Obesogenic diet in aging mice disrupts gut microbe composition and alters neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio, leading to inflamed milieu in acute heart failure – Vasundhara Kain – FASEB JOURNAL

Effects of protease and phytase supplements on small intestinal microbiota and amino acid digestibility in broiler chickens – D Borda-Molina – Poultry Science

Serotonin Transporter Deficiency is Associated with Dysbiosis and Changes in Metabolic Function of the Mouse Intestinal Microbiome – Megha Singhal – Scientific Reports

Bioinformatics

A signal processing method for alignment-free metagenomic binning: multi-resolution genomic binary patterns –  Samaneh Kouchaki – Scientific Reports

Microbes in News

A defined set of 11 bacterial strains from the human gut can protect against infection and target cancer in mice

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