Non-human microbiome, July 22

Symbionts of tortoises, bees, diatoms, amoebae, and seaweed.

Reptile microbiome

Thesis: Population genetics and microbial communities of the gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) – Gaillard, Daniel Lyle – University of Sourthern Missisippi]

“Microbial communities did not show a correlation between community dissimilarity and geographic distance nor did they change in response to changes in plant communities at each site.”

Insect microbiome

Genomics and host specialization of honey bee and bumble bee gut symbionts – Waldan K. Kwong – PNAS

“We show that the simple microbiota of eusocial bees exhibits host specificity and that coresident species in the bee gut possess complementary capabilities for energy metabolism, implying their occupancy in distinct ecological niches.”

Diatom microbiome

Complete genome of a nonphotosynthetic cyanobacterium in a diatom reveals recent adaptations to an intracellular lifestyle – Takuro Nakayama – PNAS

“Here we present what is, to our knowledge, the first completely sequenced spheroid body genome from a rhopalodiacean diatom. Comparative analyses revealed that the endosymbiont is metabolically reduced, confirming its status as an obligate endosymbiont. “

Amoeba microbiome

Life in an unusual intracellular niche: a bacterial symbiont infecting the nucleus of amoebae – Frederik Schulz – ISME Journal

“This symbiont, tentatively named ‘Candidatus Nucleicultrix amoebiphila’, is only moderately related to known bacteria (~90% 16S and 23S rRNA sequence similarity) and member of a novel clade of protist symbionts affiliated with the Rickettsiales and Rhodospirillales. “

Seaweed microbiota

Identification and Characterization of a Halotolerant, Cold-Active Marine Endo-β-1,4-Glucanase by Using Functional Metagenomics of Seaweed-Associated Microbiota
Marjolaine Martin – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

“A metagenomic library was constructed from microorganisms associated with the brown alga Ascophyllum nodosum. Functional screening of this library revealed 13 novel putative esterase loci and two glycoside hydrolase loci.”

Aquatic microbiology

Metaproteomics reveals differential modes of metabolic coupling among ubiquitous oxygen minimum zone microbes – Alyse K. Hawley – PNAS

“Here we use metagenomic and metaproteomic methods to chart in situ metabolic networks linking key microbial players driving carbon and nutrient cycling in a seasonally stratified fjord, Saanich Inlet, a model ecosystem for studying microbial responses to changing levels of water column oxygen deficiency.”

EVENT: An Evening with the World’s Leading Marine Microbiologists – A Creative Collisions Initiative – Wednesday July 30, 2014 – Tech Museum San Jose, CA

“Mingle with the 16 Investigators of the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation’s Marine Microbiology Initiative”