February 13, 2017

Today ‘s digest features a roundworm as a new model of host-microbiota interactions, a new theory on apple replant disease, and a double-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover-designed probiotic trial on Japanese medical students. Also, an interesting study on how an active lifestyle promotes growth of Faecalibacterium prausnitziiRoseburia hominis and Akkermansia muciniphila commensals in women when compared to a sedentary lifestyle. Stay active!

General microbiome

C. elegans and its bacterial diet as a model for systems-level understanding of host–microbiota interactions – Jingyan Zhang – Current Opinion in Biotechnology

Microbial Respiration and Formate Oxidation as Metabolic Signatures of Inflammation-Associated Dysbiosis – Elizabeth R. Hughes – Cell Host & Microbe

Metagenomic and metatranscriptomic analyses reveal structure and dynamics of a dechlorinating community containing Dehalococcoides mccartyi and corrinoid-providing microorganisms under cobalamin-limited condition – Yujie Men – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Human respiratory microbiome

Sputum DNA sequencing in cystic fibrosis: non-invasive access to the lung microbiome and to pathogen details – Rounak Feigelman – Microbiome

Human gut microbiome

Review: Role of the Gut Microbiome in the Pathogenesis of Obesity and Obesity-Related Metabolic Dysfunction – Kristien E. Bouter – Gastroenterology

*Differences in gut microbiota profile between women with active lifestyle and sedentary women. – Carlo Bressa – PLoS One

Animal experiments

Secondary bile acid-induced dysbiosis promotes intestinal carcinogenesis – Hailong Cao – International Journal of Cancer

Enteric helminth-induced type-I interferon signalling protects against pulmonary virus infection through interaction with the microbiota – Amanda J. McFarlane – Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Berberine-induced bioactive metabolites of the gut microbiota improve energy metabolism – Yan Wang – Metabolism

Plant, root, and soil microbiome

Use of endophytic and rhizosphere bacteria to improve phytoremediation of arsenic-contaminated industrial soils by autochthonous Betula celtiberica. – Victoria Mesa – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Fumigation with dazomet modifies soil microbiota in apple orchards affected by replant disease – Lidia Nicola – Applied Soil Ecology

Food microbiology

Review: Non-dairy Based Probiotics: A Healthy Treat for Intestine. – Sangita Bansal –
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

Probiotics / prebiotics

Daily intake of Lactobacillus gasseri CP2305 improves mental, physical, and sleep quality among Japanese medical students enrolled in a cadaver dissection course – Daisuke Sawada – Journal of Functional Foods


Recovery of genomes from metagenomes via a dereplication, aggregation, and scoring strategy – Christian M.K. Sieber – bioRxiv