Parallelism of intestinal secretory IgA shapes functional microbial fitness – Tim Rollenske – Nature → By using recombinant IgAs, researchers showed that IgA may shape the metabolism of intestinal bacteria, and in some cases IgA molecules against a same target have a different effect on the activity.
Hallstatt miners consumed blue cheese and beer during the Iron Age and retained a non-Westernized gut microbiome until the Baroque period – Frank Maixner – Current Biology → From the analysis of paleofeces, researchers suggest that people from the Austrian zone of Hallstatt could retain a non-westernized diet for centuries; in some cases, a high consumption of blue cheese and beer is suggested by the detection of Penicillium roqueforti and Saccharomyces cerevisiae DNA in the samples.
In vitro study of the effect of quinoa and quinoa polysaccharides on human gut microbiota – Hitache Zeyneb – Food Science & Nutrition → quinoa, a very nutritious Andean cereal, contains polysaccharides with potential prebiotic (health-promoting) properties.
Metagenomic analysis of gut microbiome reveals a dynamic change in Alistipes onderdonkii in the preclinical model of pancreatic cancer, suppressing its proliferation – Kihak Lee – Applied Genetics and Molecular Biotechnology → RNA-seq analysis in a preclinical model revealed that the A. onderdonkii medium induced unique transcriptomic alterations in the pancreatic cancer cells, suggesting an special role in this disease.
Human and General Microbiome
Review: Biomarkers of geroprotection and cardiovascular health: An overview of omics studies and established clinical biomarkers in the context of diet – Riccardo Secci – Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Unravelling the collateral damage of antibiotics on gut bacteria – Lisa Maier – Nature
Direct on-swab metabolic profiling of vaginal microbiome host interactions during pregnancy and preterm birth – Pamela Pruski – Nature Communications
Brain development in premature infants: A bug in the programming system? – Gerard Clarke – Cell Host & Microbe
A colon cancer prequel – John T Wren – Cell Host & Microbe
Metagenomic Analysis of Saliva Reveals Disease-Associated Microbiotas in Patients With Periodontitis and Crohn’s Disease-Associated Periodontitis – Boyang Sun – Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Antibiotic use but not gastrointestinal infection frequently precedes first diagnosis of functional gastrointestinal disorders – Michael P Jones – United European Gastroenterology Journal
Impact of Helicobacter pylori eradication on the gastric microbiome – Li-Qi Mao – Gut Pathogens
Baseline co-medications may alter the anti-tumoural effect of checkpoint inhibitors as well as the risk of immune-related adverse events – Marie Kostine – European Journal of Cancer
Cultivation of common bacterial species and strains from human skin, oral, and gut microbiota – Elizabeth Fleming – BMC Microbiology
Effect of chewing betel nut on the gut microbiota of Hainanese – Li Ying – PloS ONE
Temporal relationship between alterations in the gut microbiome and the development of polycystic ovary syndrome-like phenotypes in prenatally androgenized female mice – Akari Kusamoto – The FASEB Journal
Gut microbiota dysbiosis of type 2 diabetic mice impairs the intestinal daily rhythms of GLP-1 sensitivity – Estelle Grasset – Acta Diabetologica
Non-Model Animal Microbiome
Diurnal oscillations in gut bacterial load and composition eclipse seasonal and lifetime dynamics in wild meerkats – Alice Risely – Nature Communications
Diet diversity and environment determine the intestinal microbiome and bacterial pathogen load of fire salamanders – Yu Wang – Scientific Reports
The structure of the cereal leaf beetle (Oulema melanopus) microbiome depends on the insect’s developmental stage, host plant, and origin – Beata Wielkopolan – Scientific Reports
Beneficial Microbes and Compounds
Review: Does probiotics work for bacterial vaginosis and vulvovaginal candidiasis – Yue Han – Current Opinion in Pharmacology
Characterization of a new bacteriocin-like inhibitory peptide produced by Lactobacillus sakei B-RKM 0559 – Gulyaim K Abitayeva – Biotechnology Letters
Probiotic Interventions Alleviate Food Allergy Symptoms Correlated With Cesarean Section: A Murine Model – Bi-Ying Jin – Frontiers in Immunology
Selenium-enriched Bifidobacterium longum DD98 attenuates irinotecan-induced intestinal and hepatic toxicity in vitro and in vivo – Hui Zhu – Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy
Novel lytic bacteriophage vB_GEC_EfS_9 against Enterococcus faecium – S Rigvava – Virus Research
PBK model-based prediction of intestinal microbial and host metabolism of zearalenone and consequences for its estrogenicity – Diana M Mendez-Catala – Molecular Nutrition & Food Research