November 16, 2019

In today’s digest read about the Million Microbiome of Humans Project, problems in studies of the gut microbiome in Parkinson’s disease, and how bats’ gut bacteria are more closely tied to where bats live. Happy weekend!

Gut microbiome

*Review: Increasing Comparability and Utility of Gut Microbiome Studies in Parkinson’s Disease: A Systematic Review – Jeffrey M. Boertien – Journal of Parkinson’s Disease

Microbiome‐immune‐metabolic axis in the epidemic of childhood obesity: Evidence and opportunities – Halle J. Kincaid – Obesity Reviews

Vaginal microbiome

Cervicovaginal microbiome composition drives metabolic profiles in healthy pregnancy – Andrew Oliver – bioRxiv

Respiratory microbiome

Review: The microbiome of the upper respiratory tract in health and disease – Christina Kumpitsch – BMC Biology

Animal experiments

Lactobacillus helveticus R0052 alleviates liver injury by modulating gut microbiome and metabolome in d-galactosamine-treated rats – Qiangqiang Wang – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Comparison of the fecal, cecal, and mucus microbiome in male and female mice after TNBS-induced colitis – Ariangela J. Kozik – PlosOne

Cranberry extracts promote growth of Bacteroidaceae and decrease abundance of Enterobacteriaceae in a human gut simulator model – Kathleen O’Connor – PlosOne

Animal microbiome

*Ecology and Host Identity Outweigh Evolutionary History in Shaping the Bat Microbiome – Holly L. Lutz – mSystems

High-throughput sequencing reveals the core gut microbiota of the mud crab (Scylla paramamosain) in different coastal regions of southern China – Hongling Wei – BMC Genomics

Probiotics

Production of multiple bacteriocins, including the novel bacteriocin gassericin M, by Lactobacillus gasseri LM19, a strain isolated from human milk – Enriqueta Garcia-Gutierrez – bioRxiv

Infected chronic ischemic wound topically treated with a multi-strain probiotic formulation: a novel tailored treatment strategy – Salvatore Venosi – Journal of Translational Medicine

Genomic and epidemiological evidence of bacterial transmission from probiotic capsule to blood in ICU patients – Idan Yelin – Nature Medicine

Water microbiome

Species-level microbiome composition of activated sludge – introducing the MiDAS 3 ecosystem-specific reference database and taxonomy – Marta Nierychlo – bioRxiv

Comparative microbial diversity across temperature gradients in hot springs from Yellowstone and Iceland – Peter T Podar – bioRxiv

Niche partitioning of microbial communities in riverine floodplains – Marc Peipoch – Scientific Reports

Biodegradability of wastewater determines microbial assembly mechanisms in full-scale wastewater treatment plants – Bing Zhang – Water Research

Techniques

Microfluidic cultivation and analysis tools for interaction studies of microbial co-cultures – Alina Burmeister and Alexander Grünberger – Current Opinion in Biotechnology

Selective culture enrichment and sequencing of feces to enhance detection of antimicrobial resistance genes in third-generation cephalosporin resistant Enterobacteriaceae – Leon Peto – PlosOne

Microbiome in News

*Million Microbiome of Humans Project – PRNewswire
Scientists from China, Sweden, Denmark, France, Latvia and other countries will cooperate in microbial metagenomic research, aiming to analyze one million microbial samples and build the world’s largest database of human microbiome.

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