August 5, 2019

Good Morning! Highlights of today’s digest include a comprehensive analysis of biosynthetic gene clusters from Bacillus amyloliquifaciens that synthesize a lipopeptide with anticancer activity, another study conducted with African-origin adults confirms association of the oral and gut microbiota to cardiometabolic risks, a review about future applications of probiotics focusing on the characteristics of Bacteroides fragilis and an editorial article on environmental bacteriophages highlighting exciting future applications such as antibacterial therapies for antibiotic-resistant pathogens.

General Microbiology

* A comprehensive genomic and growth proteomic analysis of antitumor lipopeptide bacillomycin Lb biosynthesis in Bacillus amyloliquefaciens X030 – Jiao Yang Lu et al. – Applied Microbiology and Technology

Pregnancy and early life

Patterned progression of gut microbiota associated with necrotizing enterocolitis and late onset sepsis in preterm infants: a prospective study in a Chinese neonatal intensive care unit – Jiayi Liu et al. – PeerJ

Multi-site human microbiome

*The human microbiota is associated with cardiometabolic risk across the epidemiologic transition – Na Fei et al. – PLOS ONE

Human vaginal microbiome

The effect of antiretroviral therapy initiation on the vaginal microbiome in HIV-infected women – Cindy M Liu et al. – Open Forum Infectious Diseases

Competition among Gardnerella subgroups from the human vaginal microbiome – Salahuddin Khan et al. – bioRxiv

Human gut microbiome

Exposure to parasitic protists and helminths changes the intestinal community structure of bacterial microbiota but not of eukaryotes in a cohort of mother-child binomial from a semi-rural setting in Mexico – Oswaldo Partida-Rodriguez et al. – bioRxiv

Animal experiments

Metagenomic analysis of the effects of toll-like receptors on bacterial infection in the peritoneal cavity following cecum ligation and puncture in mice – Pao-Jen Kuo et al. – PLOS ONE

Animal microbiome

Social interactions across groups of colobus monkeys (Colobus vellerosus) explain similarities in their gut microbiomes – bioRxiv

Plant, root and soil microbiome

Phosphorus Input Alters the Assembly of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Root-Associated Communities – Xi-En Long et al. – Microbial Ecology

Water and extremophile microbiome

Review: Microbial Diversity of Saline Habitats: An Overview of Biotechnological Applications – Shubhrima Ghosh et at. – Microorganisms in Saline Environments: Strategies and Functions

Built-environment microbiome

Rapid metagenomics analysis of EMS vehicles for monitoring pathogen load using nanopore DNA sequencing – Taylor Sheahan et al. – PLOS ONE

Food microbiology

Characterization and comparison of metaproteomes in traditional and commercial dajiang, a fermented soybean paste in northeast China – Mengxi Xie et al. – Food Chemistry

Probiotics / peribiotics

*Review: A potential species of next-generation probiotics? The dark and light sides of Bacteroides fragilis in health – X Li et al. – Food Research International

Phages and viruses

*Editorial: Environmental Bacteriophages: from Biological Control Applications to Directed Bacterial Evolution – Robert Czajkowski et al. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Techniques

Quantitative Stable Isotope Probing with H218O to Measure Taxon-Specific Microbial Growth – Alicia M. Purcell et al. – ACSESS Metods of Soil Analysis

Linking process performances and core microbial community structures in anaerobic membrane bioreactor with rotatory disk (ARMBR) system fed with high-strength food waste recycling wastewater – Hyunduk Seo et al. – Bioresource Technology

Nanopore sequencing for fast determination of plasmids, phages, virulence markers, and antimicrobial resistance genes in Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli – Narjol Gonzalez-Escalona et al. – PLOS ONE

Microbes in the news

Poop transplants can help prematurely old mice live longer – Eva Freserick – Science Magazine

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